Chapter Eleven : Intelligence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Eleven : Intelligence Deck (31):
1

mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and us knowledge to adapt to new situations

intellignece

2

viewing an abstract, immaterial concept as if it were a concrete thing; reasoning failure

refication

3

a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items (called factors) on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie one's total score

factor analysis

4

a general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test

general intelligence (g)

5

a condition i which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has a exceptional specific skill such as in computation or drawing

savant syndrome

6

the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions

emotional intelligence

7

the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas

creativity

8

he developed factor analysis; believed in general intelligence (g)

Charles Spearman

9

he mathematically identified 7 clusters of primary mental abilities

L. L. Thurstone

10

he believed intelligences come in packages(8 intelligences); brain damage can diminish some intelligences yet not other

Howard Gardner

11

his triarchic theory included 3 intelligences: analytical, creative, and practical

Robert Sternberg

12

a method for assessing an individual's mental aptitude and comparing them with those of others, using numerical scores

intelligence test

13

a measure of intelligences test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance, thus, a child who does as well as the average 8-year-old is said to have a mental age of 8

mental age

14

he developed the first intelligence test in France to predict school achievement; supported the idea of nurture

Alfred Binet

15

he revised Binet's original test at Stanford University to better fit American school children (Stanford-Binet); supported nature (intelligence is innate); also used his new test to eliminate immigrants who did not meet the standards

Lewis Terman

16

the widely used American revision (by Terman at Stanford University) of Binet's original intelligence test

Stanford-Binet

17

defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100 (ma/ca x 100); on contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100

intelligence quotient (IQ)

18

a test designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn

aptitude test

19

a test designed to assess what a person has learned

achievement test

20

the most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

21

defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested standardization group

standardization

22

the phenomenon of improving performance on intelligence tests

The Flynn Effect

23

the symmetrical bell shapes curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes; most scores fall near the average, and fewer and fewer scores lie near the extremes

normal curve

24

the extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, on alternate forms of the test, or on retesting

reliability

25

the extent to which a test samples the behavior that is of interest (such as a driving test that samples driving tasks)

content validity

26

the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to

validity

27

the behavior (such as future college grades) that a test (such as the SAT) is designed to predict; thus, the measure used in defining whether the test has predictive validity

criterion

28

the success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior

predictive validity

29

a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life, varies from mild to profound

mental retardation

30

a condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in one's genetic makeup

Down Syndrome

31

a self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype

stereotype threat