Chapter Ten : Language Flashcards Preview

AP Psychology Definitions > Chapter Ten : Language > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter Ten : Language Deck (12):
1

our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning

language

2

in a language, the smallest distinctive sound unit

phoneme

3

in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or part of a word (prefix or suffix)

morpheme

4

in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others

grammar

5

the set of rules by which we derive meaning form morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, he study of meaning

semantics

6

the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language

syntax

7

beginning at about four months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language

babbling stage

8

thestage in speech development, from about age one to two, during which a child speaks mostly in single words

one-word stage

9

beginning about age two, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements

two-word stage

10

early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram - "go car" - using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting auxiliary words

telegraphic speech

11

introduced the idea of an inborn universal grammar - all human languages have the same grammatical building blocks

Noam Chomsky

12

Benjamin Lee Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think

linguistic determinism