Chapter Ten- Pathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Ten- Pathology Deck (19):
1

Spina bifida

Congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by imperfect Union of vertebral parts (neural tube defect)

2

Alzheimer's disease (AD)

Brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration (dementia), personality changes, and impairment of daily functioning

3

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brain stem

4

Epilepsy

Chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity

5

Huntington disease

Hereditary disorder makes by degenerative changes in the cerebrum leading to abrupt involuntary movements and mental deterioration

6

Multiple sclerosis (MS)

Destruction of myelin sheath on neurons in the CNS and its replacement by plaques of sclerotic (hard) tissue

7

Myasthenia gravis (MG)

Autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by weakness of voluntary muscles

8

Palsy

Paralysis (partial or complete loss of motor function)

9

Parkinson's disease

Degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia, occurring in later life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles, and slowness of movement

10

Tourette syndrome

Involuntary, spasmodic, twitching movements; uncontrollable vocal sounds; and inappropriate words

11

Herpes zoster (shingles)

Viral infection affecting peripheral nerves

12

Meningitis

Inflammation of the meninges; leptomeningitis

13

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) encephalopathy

Brain disease and dementia occurring with AIDS

14

Brain tumor

Abnormal growth of brain tissue and meninges

15

Cerebral concussion

Temporary brain dis function after injury, usually clearing within 24 hours

16

Cerebral contusion

Bruising of brain tissue as a result of direct trauma to the head; neurological deficits persist longer than 24 hours

17

Cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

Disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain; stroke

18

Migraine

Sever, recurring, unilateral, vascular headache

19

Hydrocephalus

Abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain