Chapter One Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter One Deck (78):
1

Sub-

Below, under

•subhepatic

2

Retro-

Behind

•retrocardiac

3

Re-

Back, backward, again

•resection

4

Pro-

Before, forward

•prostate gland

5

Peri-

Surrounding, around

•pericardium

6

In-

In, into

•incision

7

Hypo-

Deficient, below, under, less than normal

•hypo gastric

8

Hyper-

Excessive, above, more than normal

•hyperthyroidism

9

Ex-, Exo-

Out, outside of, outward

•excision

10

Epi-

Above, upon

•epigastric

11

End-, endo-

Within

•endoscopy

12

Dia-

Through, complete

•diagnosis

13

Aut-, auto-

Self, own

•autopsy

14

A-, an-

No, not, without

•anemia

15

-y

Process, condition

•gastroenterology

16

-tomy

Process of cutting, incision

•osteotomy

17

-sis

State of; condition

•prognosis

18

-scopy

Process of visually examining with an endoscope

•endoscopy

19

-scope

Instrument to visually examine

•endoscope

20

-pathy

Disease, condition

•enteropathy

21

-osis

Condition, usually abnormal (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)

•nephrosis, leukocytosis

22

-opsy

Process of viewing

•biopsy

23

-oma

Tumor, mass, swelling

•hepatoma

24

-logy

Process of study

•endocrinology

25

-itis

Inflammation

•arthritis

26

-ist

Specialist

•ophthalmologist

27

-ion

Process

•excision

28

-ic, -ical

Pertaining to

•gastric, neurological

29

-gram

Record

-electroencephalogram

30

-globin

Protein

•hemoglobin

31

-genic

Pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in

•carcinogenic, pathogenic

32

-emia

Blood condition

•leukemia

33

-ectomy

Excision, removal

•nephrectomy

34

-cyte

Cell

•erythrocyte

35

-algia

Pain

•arthralgia

36

-al

Pertaining to

•neural

37

-ac

Pertaining to

•cardiac

38

Ur/o

Urinary tract, urine

•urology

39

Thromb/o

Clot, clotting

•thrombocyte

40

Sect/o

To cut

•resection

41

Sarc/o

Flesh

•sarcoma

42

Rhin/o

Nose

•rhinitis

43

Ren/o

Kidney

•renal

44

Radi/o

X-rays

•radiology

45

Psych/o

Mind

•psychology

46

Ped/o

Child

•pediatric

47

Path/o

Disease

•pathology

48

Oste/o

Bone

•osteitis, osteoarthritis

49

Ophthalm/o

Eye

•ophthalmoscope

50

Onc/o

Tumor

•oncology, oncologist

51

Neur/o

Nerve

•neurology

52

Nephr/o

Kidney

•nephritis, nephrology

53

Log/o

Study of

•dermatology

54

Leuk/o

White

•leukocyte

55

Iatr/o

Treatment, physician

•iatrogenic

56

Hepat/o

Liver

•hepatitis

57

Hem/o, hemat/o

Blood

•hematology, hematoma, hemoglobin

58

Gynec/o

Woman, female

•gynecology

59

Gnos/o

Knowledge

•diagnosis, prognosis

60

Glyc/o

Sugar

•hyperglycemia

61

Gastr/o

Stomach

•gastrectomy, gastrotomy

62

Erythr/o

Red

•erythrocyte

63

Enter/o

Intestines (usually the small intestines)

•enteritis

64

Encephal/o

Brain

•Electroencephalogram

65

Electr/o

Electricity

•electrocardiogram

66

Derm/o, dermat/o

Skin

•dermatitis, hypodermic

67

Cyt/o

Cell

•cytology

68

Cyst/o

Urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid)

•cystoscopy

69

Crin/o

To secrete

•endocrine glands

70

Cis/o

To cut

•incision

71

Cerebr/o

Cerebrum (largest pet of the brain)

•cerebral

72

Cephal/o

Head

•cephalic

73

Cardi/o

Heart

•cardiology

74

Carcin/o

Cancerous, cancer

•carcinoma

75

Bi/o

Life

•biology

76

Arthr/o

Joints

•arthritis

77

Aden/o

Gland

•adenoma

78

Trans-

Across, through

•transhepatic