Chapter Twelve- Respiratory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Twelve- Respiratory Deck (80):
1

Alveolus

Air sac in the lung

2

Apex of the lung

Tip or uppermost portion of the lung

3

Base of the lung

Lower portion of the lung

4

Bronchioles

Smallest branches of the bronchi

5

Bronchus

Branch of the trachea that is a passageway into the lung; bronchial tube

6

CO2

Gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine; exhaled through lungs

7

Cilia

Thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract

8

Diaphragm

Muscle separating the chest and abdomen; makes breathing possible

9

Epiglottis

Lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from entering when swallowing

10

Expiration

Breathing out

11

Glottis

Slit opening to the larynx

12

Hilum

Midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs

13

Inspiration

Inhaling

14

Larynx

Voice box

15

Lobe

Division of a lung

16

Mediastinum

Region between the lungs in the chest cavity; contains trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes

17

Nares

Openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities

18

O2

Gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells

19

Palatine sinus

One of a pair of almond shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx

20

Paranasal sinus

One of the air cavities in the bones near the nose

21

Parietal pleura

Outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall

22

Pharynx

Throat

23

Pleura

Double folded membrane surrounding each lung

24

Pleural cavity

Space between the folds of the pleura

25

Pulmonary parenchyma

Essential parts of the lung; bronchioles and alveoli

26

Respiration

Breathing

27

Trachea

Windpipe

28

Visceral pleura

Inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue

29

Adenoids

Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils

30

Adenoid/o

Adenoids

31

Alverol/o

Alveolus, air sac

32

Bronch/o, bronchi/o

Bronchial tube, bronchus

33

Bronchiol/o

Bronchiole, small bronchus

34

Capn/o

Carbon dioxide

35

Coni/o

Dust

36

Cyan/o

Blue

37

Epiglott/o

Epiglottis

38

Laryng/o

Larynx, voice box

39

Lob/o

Lobe of the lung

40

Mediastin/o

Mediastinum

41

Nas/o

Nose

42

Orth/o

Straight, upright

43

Ox/o

Oxygen

44

Pector/o

Chest

45

Pharyng/o

Pharynx, throat

46

Phon/o

Voice

47

Phren/o

Diaphragm

48

Pleur/o

Pleura

49

Pnem/o, pneumon/o

Air, lung

50

Pulmon/o

Lung

51

Rhin/o

Nose

52

Sinus/o

Sinus, cavity

53

Spir/o

Breathing

54

Tel/o

Complete

55

Thorac/o

Chest

56

Tonsill/o

Tonsils

57

Trache/o

Trachea, windpipe

58

-ema

Condition

59

-osmia

Smell

60

-pnea

Breathing

61

-ptysis

Spitting

62

-sphyxia

Pulse

63

-thorax

Pleural cavity, chest

64

Chest X-ray (CXR)

Radiographic image of the thoracic cavity (chest film)

65

Computed tomography scan of the chest

Computer generated series of X-ray images show thoracic structures in cross section and other planes

66

Magnetic resonance imaging of the chest (MRI)

Magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in frontal lateral and cross-sectional planes

67

Positron emission tomography (PET) scan of the lung

Radioactive glucose is injected and images reveal metabolic activity in the lungs

68

Ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scan

Detection device records radio activity in the lung after injection of a radio isotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas (xenon)

69

Bronchoscopy

Fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes

70

Endotracheal intubation

Placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway

71

Laryngoscopy

Visual examination of the voicebox

72

Lung biopsy

Removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination

73

Mediastinoscopy

Endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum

74

Pulmonary function tests (PFTs)

Tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs; i.e., airway function, lung capacity, lung volume, and capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently

75

Thoracentesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space

76

Thoracotomy

Large surgical incision of the chest

77

Thoracoscopy (thorascopy)

Visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope

78

Tracheostomy

Surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck

79

Tuberculin test

Determines past or present tuberculous infection based on a positive skin reaction

80

Tube thoracostomy

Chest tube is passed through an opening in the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion