Chapter Fifteen- Musculoskeletal Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Fifteen- Musculoskeletal Deck (94):
1

acetabulum

rounded depression, or socket, in the pelvis that joins the femur, forming the hip

2

acromion

extension of the shoulder blade; articulates with the clavicle

3

articular cartilage

thin layer of cartilage covering the bone in the joint space

4

bone

dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton

5

calcium

mineral in bone

6

cancellous bone

spongy, porous, bone tissue in the inner portion of bone

7

cartilage

flexible, rubbery connective bone

8

collagen

dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissues

9

compact bone

hard, dense bone tissue, usually found around the outer portion of bones

10

condyle

knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near the joint

11

cranial bones

skull bones; ethnoid, frontal, occipatal, parietal, sphenoid & temporal

12

diaphysis

mid portion of a long bone

13

disk (disc)

flat,round, plate-like structure

14

epiphyseal plate

cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place in the immature skeleton

15

epiphysis

end of the long bone

16

facial bones

bones of the face; lacrimal, mandibular, maxillary, nasal, vomer, and zygomatic

17

fissure

narrow slit like opening between bones

18

fontanelle

soft spot between skull bones of an infant

19

foramen

opening in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave

20

fossa

shallow cavity in a bone

21

haversian canals

spaces filled with blood vessels in compact bone

22

malleolus

round process on both sides of the ankle joint

23

manubrium

upper portion of the sternum

24

mastoid process

round projection of the temporal bone behind the ear

25

medullary cavity

central, hollowed out area in the shaft of a long bone

26

metaphysis

flared portion of a long bone; between diaphysis and epiphyseal plate

27

olecranon

elbow

28

osseous tissue

bone tissue

29

ossification

bone formation

30

osteoblast

build bone

31

osteoclast

break down bone

32

periosteum

membrane surrounding bone

33

phosphorus

found in bone with calcium

34

pubic symphysis

coming together of the two pubic bones in the pelvis by a fibrocartilaginous disk

35

red bone marrow

site of hematopoeisis

36

ribs

twelve pairs of curved bone in chest; true-first 7 pairs; false-8-10; floating-11&12

37

sella turcia

depression in the sphenoid bone where pituitary gland is located

38

sinus

hollow air cavity within bone

39

styloid process

pole-like process extending downward from the temporal bone on each side of the skull

40

suture

immovable joint between bones

41

temporomandibular joint

connection on either side of the head between the temporal bone of the skull and mandibular bone of the jaw

42

trabeculae

supporting bundles of bony fibers in spongy bone

43

trochanter

large process at the neck of the femur; attachment site of tendons

44

tubercle

rounded, small process on bone; attachment site of muscles and tendons

45

tuberosity

rounded process on bone; attachment site of muscles and tendons

46

vertebra

segment of spine

47

xiphoid process

lower, narrow portion of the sternum

48

yellow bone marrow

fatty tissue in medullary cavity

49

calc/o, calci/o

calcium

50

kyph/o

humpback, hunchback

51

lamin/o

lamina

52

lord/o

curve, swayback

53

lumb/o

loins, lower back

54

myel/o

bone marrow

55

orth/o

straight

56

oste/o

bone

57

scoli/o

crooked, bent

58

spondyl/o

vertebra

59

verter/o

vertebra

60

-blast

embryonic/immature cell

61

-clast

to break

62

-listhesis

slipping

63

-malacia

softening

64

-physis

to grow

65

-porosis

pore, passage

66

-tome

instrument to cut

67

acetabul/o

acetabulum (hip socket)

68

calcane/o

calcaneus (heel bone)

69

carp/o

carpals

70

clavicul/o

clavicle

71

cost/o

ribs

72

crani/o

cranium (skull)

73

femor/o

femur (thigh bone)

74

fibul/o

fibula

75

humer/o

humerus

76

ili/o

ilieum

77

ischi/o

ischium

78

malleol/o

malleolus

79

mandibul/o

mandible

80

maxill/o

maxilla

81

metacarp/o

metacarpals

82

metatars/o

metatarsals

83

olecran/o

olecranon

84

patell/o

patella

85

pelv/i

pelvis

86

perone/o

fibula

87

phalang/o

phalanges

88

pub/o

pubis

89

radi/o

radius

90

scapul/o

scapula

91

stern/o

sternum

92

tars/o

tarsals

93

tibi/o

tibia

94

uln/o

ulna