Chapter Fifteen- Musculoskeletal Flashcards Preview

Health Tech > Chapter Fifteen- Musculoskeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter Fifteen- Musculoskeletal Deck (94)
Loading flashcards...
1

acetabulum

rounded depression, or socket, in the pelvis that joins the femur, forming the hip

2

acromion

extension of the shoulder blade; articulates with the clavicle

3

articular cartilage

thin layer of cartilage covering the bone in the joint space

4

bone

dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton

5

calcium

mineral in bone

6

cancellous bone

spongy, porous, bone tissue in the inner portion of bone

7

cartilage

flexible, rubbery connective bone

8

collagen

dense, connective tissue protein strands found in bone and other tissues

9

compact bone

hard, dense bone tissue, usually found around the outer portion of bones

10

condyle

knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near the joint

11

cranial bones

skull bones; ethnoid, frontal, occipatal, parietal, sphenoid & temporal

12

diaphysis

mid portion of a long bone

13

disk (disc)

flat,round, plate-like structure

14

epiphyseal plate

cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place in the immature skeleton

15

epiphysis

end of the long bone

16

facial bones

bones of the face; lacrimal, mandibular, maxillary, nasal, vomer, and zygomatic

17

fissure

narrow slit like opening between bones

18

fontanelle

soft spot between skull bones of an infant

19

foramen

opening in bones where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave

20

fossa

shallow cavity in a bone

21

haversian canals

spaces filled with blood vessels in compact bone

22

malleolus

round process on both sides of the ankle joint

23

manubrium

upper portion of the sternum

24

mastoid process

round projection of the temporal bone behind the ear

25

medullary cavity

central, hollowed out area in the shaft of a long bone

26

metaphysis

flared portion of a long bone; between diaphysis and epiphyseal plate

27

olecranon

elbow

28

osseous tissue

bone tissue

29

ossification

bone formation

30

osteoblast

build bone