Chapters 8, 15, 18, 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 8, 15, 18, 19 Deck (43)
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1

models of disability

useful tools that allow for understanding of how and why persons with disability, including BI, ahve been treated throughout history

2

Moral Model of disability

AKA Religious Model
thinks of disability as a result of sin, evil, or character flaw. Science of Eugenics and Social Darwinism encouraged this model; people with visible disabilities were devalued immediately while those with invisible disabilities like mental illness or brain injury were isolated and excluded

3

Biomedical Model of disability

AKA Medical Model
-tx concerned with changing the individual
-exclusion of therapeutic services after medical stabilization has occurred and promotes concepts such as treatment plateaus and maximum medical recovery
-dichotomous (health vs illness)
-can lead to stereotypes and stigmas; people are identified by their deficits

4

Environmental Model of disability

intervention is sought to address both physical and social environments of the individual.
-proposes that environment can cause, define, or exaggerate disability
-environment can both facilitate and limit physical access and opportunities for work education, and social participation
-most appropriate paradigm for conceptualizing psychological disabilities
-ADA is an example of this model at work

5

Functional model of disability

Intervention methods are aimed at adapting the function of the individual for meaningful participations.
-most individualized and personal model
-person-centered

6

sociopolitical model of disability

AKA Minority Group or Independent Living Model
-goal is for inclusion, civil rights, and equal social status
-recognized that prejudice and discrimination are causal factors in disability
-considers othr social identities of people with disaibilities (gender, religion, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, etc)

7

person-centered approach

historically rooted in Carl Rodgers perosn-centered Tehrapy; based on subjective view fo human experience and empowers teh persons served to guide the rehab team to focus on their priorities, values, and desired outcomes

8

6 tenents of person-centered approach

Autonomy
Beneficience
Non-maleficence
Fidelity
Justice
Veracity

9

Autonomy

right to make your own decisions

10

beneficience

persons providing treatment have obligation to do good for the person they are treating

11

non-maleficence

persons providing treatment should avoid causing harm to the other person served in all considerations

12

fidelity

persons providing services should keep promises made and inspire faithfulness

13

justice

persons should demonstrate equality and fairness

14

veracity

persons providing tx have oblication to be truthful in professional interactions and to demonstrate an unwillingness to tell a lie that affects the quality of service received by an individual served

15

critical components for facilitating person-centered care

person-first language
humaneness
communication
questions vs directives
non-judgmental approach

16

components of a successful interdisciplinary team

effective communication
cooperation
challenges itself to push beyond the easy and expected treatment approaches
collaboration in setting rehab goals
develop individualized tx plans
assessing progress toward goals

17

Iatrogenesis

inadvertently induced disease of problem caused by a physician, therapy, or the medical setting itself
(eg. MRSA contracted while at the hospital)

18

extenders

unlicensed or non-certified rehabilitation staff that are trained in specific therapy skills and are supervised by professional staff members when providing care in a therapeutic setting

19

assistive technology for cognition

range from low-tech (calendars, post-it notes, clocks, timers) to high tech mainstream devices (smart phones, tablets, cell phones), to specialized systems (PEAT, BrainBook)

20

culture

any group taht shares a theme or issue (can include language, food, clothing, music, art, dance behavioral norms, shared values, shared worldviews

21

sociorace

recognized the social and historical aspects of a group of people, providing information about customs, norms, and social aspects of the group

22

universalism

an assumption that human characteristics common to all members of the species produce psychological givens with culture influencing their development and display

23

multiculturalism

social-intellectual movement promoting cultural diversity as a core principle while insisting on equality and respect of all cultural groups

24

academic (analytical intelligence)

used to signify the person's ability to solve problems in academic settings

25

practical intelligence

ability to solve problems in everyday settings (practical life problems)

26

social intelligence

necessary in order to successfully navigate the environment

27

emotional intelligence

ability to monitor and identify emotions, both one's own and others; and to use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior

28

How much do TBIs in males outnumber females?

2:1

29

In moderate-severe TBI, females have ___times higher mortality rate than males

1.3

30

In moderate-severe TBI, females have ___times higher rate of poor outcomes than males

1.6