Chronic Illness and Quality of life Flashcards Preview

Nursing 202 > Chronic Illness and Quality of life > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chronic Illness and Quality of life Deck (12)
1

Disease

condition practitioner views from pathophysiological model

2

Illness

human experience of symptoms and suffering
How disease is perceived, lived with and responded to by individual and family.
Is a unique experience.

3

Goals

1. Advocate for the patient with a chronic illness through knowledge and continual education
2. Provide individualized information and care that enhances patients QOL

4

Most Disabling Chronic Conditions:

Arthritis
Hypertension
Hearing impairment
Heart disease
Cataracts
Stroke
Cancer
Obesity
Diabetes

5

Multidimensional Impact of Chronic Illness(Quality of Life): Physiological

Altered body function (Ostomy)
Multisystem effect of insulin deficiency
Prevent medical crisis and learn how to deal with them if they occur

6

Multidimensional Impact of Chronic Illness(Quality of Life): Physical

Symptom management
Loss of limbs or paralysis
Sexual

7

Multidimensional Impact of Chronic Illness(Quality of Life):Occupational

May need to decrease, suspend or end work (retire early)
Caregiver may need to terminate employment to care for loved one

8

Multidimensional Impact of Chronic Illness(Quality of Life): Financial

Finding money for healthcare and living
Causes of financial burdens and drains to financial resources
--Insurance rates
--Out-of-pocket expenses for items not covered
--Transportation

9

Multidimensional Impact of Chronic Illness(Quality of Life): Psychosocial –

required adjustment to changes associated with the disease
-Stigma
Physical deformity, character blemishes, prejudice
-Isolation – challenge to prevent
-Uncertainty: Regarding exacerbations & remission; lifespan- confront own morality
-Family relationships
Role changes (role reversal)
Issues r/t altered sexuality
Caregiver stress
Ineffective family coping
Anticipatory grieving

10

Four factors that influence adjustment to chronic illness:

1.Knowledge of illness and therapies
2. Coping resources
3. Problem-solving skills
4. Personal mastery as well as motivation

11

What is Quality of Life?

Physical well being
Functional well being
Emotional well being
Social well being
Spirituality
Financial stability

12

Quality of Life description:

Feeling of overall life satisfaction
Appraisal is subjective and includes all domains of life