Flashcards in Cirrhosis Deck (14):
What are the complications of cirrhosis?
How does cirrhosis cause variceal bleeding?
Increased portal blood pressure causes portal anastomoses to become enlarged and may rupture
Can cirrhosis be classed as a vascular disease?
Yes it affects the vascular system, eventually causing ascites
What are the 3 main causes of cirrhosis?
None Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
What are the two types of cirrhosis?
Decompensated cirrhosis (More severe)
What are the signs of compensated cirrhosis?
What are the signs of decompensated cirrhosis?
What is the treatment for decompensated cirrhosis?
Remove/treat underlying cause
Find and treat any infections
Treat abnormal physiology e.g Salt retention
Increase nutrtional intake
When should a patient have Vitamin B supplemented
Thiamine should be supplemented in excess alcohol intake
Which bone diseases are common in cirrhosis and how do you prevent them?
Osteoporosis and ostemalacia. Supplement 1000mg calcium and 20microg Vitamin D
How do you treat ascites?
Reduce salt intake
Diuretics - Spironolactone
What is the TIPSS procedure
Transjugular Intrahepatic PortoSystemic Shunt
(Stent inserted to relieve pressure from portal circulation)
How do you treat encephalopathy?
Treat underlying cause
Small frequent meals
Consider transplant in spontaneous cases