Civil Rights Flashcards Preview

Social Studies > Civil Rights > Flashcards

Flashcards in Civil Rights Deck (28):

What did Emmit Till do?

He whistled at a white girl


What happened to Emmit Till?

He was shot, beaten to death, and dumped in a river


What was interesting about Emmit Till's trial?

All white jury, the defendants were found not guilty


What did the defendants do after the trial?

They sold their story of how they killed Till to a magazine


What was different about Till's funeral?

The casket was left open so people could see what happened


When did slaves first appear?

The 1600's


Why were slaves important to some?

Their labor increased profits, which slave owners used to go into politics to write laws encouraging slavery. They were valauble


Fugitive slave laws

All citizens had to help catch runaway slaves. If you didn't, you would be fined or punished.


What did the 13th amendment do?

Outlawed slavery


What did the 14th amendment do?

It said that anybody born in the US is a citizen.


What did the 15th amendment do?

It said that all males can vote


Who were the little rock nine?

9 Arkansas girls who were kept out of Little Rock central high school by the Arkansas National Guard ordered by governor Orval Faubus. Eisenhower then ordered the 101st airborne division to escort the girls to school in armored Jeeps, and he federalized the Arkansas national guard, taking away the governor's power over it.


What happened at the 16th street Baptist Church?

The KKK bombed the predominantly colored church, killing four girls in Sunday school.


What is a sit in?

You sit in a place until you are served or your demands are met.


Why was voting registration hard for blacks?

They might be assaulted by whites if they registered. Also, even though they were registered, there were literacy tests and poll taxes.


Why was voting important to the blacks?

Because they wanted to be able to voice their opinion.


What was bloody Sunday?

Blacks who were marching on the Edmund Pettus bridge were pushed back and beaten by police.


What happened with Bull Connor and the Children's March?

The kids knew that he would use force, and they wanted that so that he would look bad when he sprayed them with fire hoses and let dogs bite them. The nation was horrified after this.


What happened on November 22, 1963?

President Kennedy was assassinated


How did the movement affect Mexican Americans? What were some of their groups?

They wanted better pay on farms and schools with more Mexican American teachers. Many of their demands were met by the early 1970s. There was a Union of Farm workers that fought for better salaries.


How did the movement affect Native Americans? What were some of their groups?

The federal protection of them ended but started again in 1956 after a bad response. They also wanted their own sovereign rights. There was a National Congress of American Indians and the Native Indian Movement that occupied the Indian bureau in D.C.


How did the movement affect Women? What were some of their groups?

They were discriminated and kept out of jobs, they had lower salaries, and couldn't buy or sell propert easily. The National Organization for Women fought for better jobs and salaries. The Cvil Rights Amendment and the Equal Education Act outlawed discrimination against Women.


What happened to Rosa Parks?

She refused to give up her seat to a white man on a bus and was arrested. This started the Montgomery bus boycott.


What was the Montgomery Bus Boycott?

African Americans didn't ride the bus for over a year, making the bus company lose money. Instead, they walked or carpooled to places.


What role did the KKK play in the civil rights movement?

They lynched, beat, bombed, and attacked African Americans and their property.


What is Civil Disobedience?

Peacefully refusing to obey a law believed to be unjust.


Why was being peaceful so important in civil disobedience?

Because if you fought, you would look bad and make people hate you more than the person who attacked you.


What were the goals of civil disobedience?

1. Publicize an unjust law or a just cause.
2. Appeal to the conscience of the public.
3. Force officials to negotiate.
4. Clog the system.
5. Get into court to challenge the constituionatily of a law.