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Flashcards in World War II Deck (37):
1

What are five countries that Hitler invaded?

Poland
France
Austria
Russia
Czechoslovakia

2

What is the only non-neutral country in Europe that Hitler did not invade?

Great Britain

3

What did Hitler use to get his message out to the people?

Inexpensive radios and movies. Propaganda too.

4

Many people in the US thought that Hitler was ___________ problem.

Europe's

5

What was lend lease? How much did we send?

Sending or leasing raw materials, equipment, or weapons to the Allies. We sent about $50 billion to the Allies

6

Why was Pearl Harbor important?

It killed over 2000 US troops, destroyed half of the US fleet, and got us into the war.

7

What was the goal of D-Day?

To invade France and drive Nazis out.

8

Why did Japan take over parts of China?

Resources

9

Why was Hitler unable to invade the Soviet Union?

The cold conditions and food shortages. Soldiers froze or starved to death.

10

What were people in the concentration camps made to think they would be doing?

Working

11

What did they mean by "you come in by the door, and you leave by the chimney."?

You won't make it out alive

12

What did kamikazes do?

They flew planes into ships suicidally.

13

What did Doolittle do?

He commanded 16 bombers to attack Japan.

14

What was island hopping? Why was it important?

Invading Japanese islands. It got Japan from its resources and gave the US a base to attack the mainland.

15

Why were the Navajo Indian code talkers important?

They got messages across in their language for the allies so the axis couldn't translate.

16

What were fat man and little boy?

Two atomic bombs that were part of the Manhattan Project.

17

What was the Manhattan Project?

A top-secret program to build an atomic bomb.

18

How many died in Hiroshima? Nagasaki?

70,000 and 40,000.

19

How did the war help the economy?

It gave people jobs and purchases went up by 12%. The economic circle went faster.

20

Why were certain goods scarce during World War II?

These goods went to soldiers or making things for soldiers.

21

Why was Rosie the riveter important?

She was the image that showed people woman could be helpful and work.

22

What happened to some Japanese in the US during World War II?

They were taken to an internment camps to be held because the US thought they could help Japan.

23

Why was the Marshal Plan important?

It helped Europe to rebuild their economy.

24

Why was the G.I. Bill of Rights important?

It helps soldiers get education and economic support.

25

What was the purpose of the Nuremberg trials? What idea did it hold up?

It dealt with war crimes. And held up the idea that you are responsible for your actions, even during a time of war.

26

What was the major purpose of the United Nations?

To maintain peace.

27

Why was there a problem between the US and the Soviet Union after World War II?

The Soviet Union wanted to be communist and the US wanted democracy. The Soviet Union was also emerging as a world power.

28

What date did World War II begin? (Hitler invading Poland)

September 1, 1939.

29

What was the date we were brought into the war?

December 8, 1941.

30

What date was D-Day?

June 6,1944

31

What date did the war in Europe end? (VE day?

May 8, 1945

32

What date did the war in the Pacific end? (VJ day)

August 14, 1945

33

Appeasement

A policy of giving into the demands of a hostile power in order to avoid conflict and maintain peace.

34

Propaganda

The spread of ideas for the purpose of helping her damage in the cause. It influences people to accept a certain point of view by appealing to their emotions rather than their rationality.

35

Fascism

A political philosophy that calls for the glorification of the nation above the individual, a centralized government headed by a dictatorial leader, severe economic and social regimentation and the use of force against the opposition.

36

Alliance

The union or association of nations set up to further the common interest of its members.

37

Democracy

The government in which power and authority rest with the people. People usually express power through voting. The government is run by the people.