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Flashcards in Middle East Country test Deck (66):
1

Saudi Arabia has no permanent _______.

Surface water

2

What is desalination?

Taking salt out of water.

3

All SA gov't positions are held by ______.

members of the royal family.

4

Current king of Saudi Arabia.

King Abdullah

5

What is SA's constitution?

Qur'an

6

Who is the world's leading oil exporter?

SA

7

How much of the world's oil is in SA?

24%

8

What is OPEC?

Organization of petroleum exporting countries. They control the supply of oil.

9

Oil $ belongs to who?

Royal family, and is used for civil projects. (Roads, airports.)

10

Name the strict Islamic laws in SA.

No pork, alcohol, dancing, public movie theaters. Modest clothing, women must cover body, women can't drive cars or ride bikes. Men and women only speak in public if they are close relatives.

11

Name the 3 major cities in SA and their purpose.

Mecca: Holy city and pilgrimage site.
Medina: Second holy city
Riyadh: Capital

12

Where is the good Iraqi farmland?

Tigris and Euphrates river valley

13

Describe the climate in Iraq

Mild in the North, hot in the South

14

Capital of Iraq and pop. of both cap. and country.

Baghdad- 6 million
Iraq: 26 million

15

What % Muslim is Iraq? Which group of Muslims is dominant?

95%, slight Shi'ite majority

16

What % of the pop. is the Kurds? Where do they live?

19%, in the North

17

Iraq is the biggest in what out of all the Middle Eastern countries?

Farming

18

When was ancient Mesopotamia?

4000 BC

19

After the Monarchy in Iraq, what was the government?

One party dictatorships.

20

When did Saddam Hussein take power?

1979 with he support of the Bath party.

21

Saddam attacked ______.

Kurds, Iran, and later Kuwait in 1990.

22

Reasons for Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.

1. Persian Gulf Access
2. Could control 20% of the world's oil.
3. Owed Kuwait Billions from wars w/ Iran
4. Kuwait had a lot of money in banks.
5. Many Arabs hated Kuwait for being so rich.

23

Reasons why US should get involved with Iraqi invasion of Kuwait

1. Loyalty to allies
2. Stop further conquests.
3. Could build new alliances
4. We needed oil to keep running
5. A strong Iraq poses a threat to SA and Israel
6. Had to protect US citizens in the region

24

Reasons why US should not have become involved

1. Risk lives
2. The leaders we were helping were not elected democratically.
3. Possible long term involvement
4. Endanger citizens who could be terrorized
5. Expensive

25

When was desert storm?

1991

26

2 main purposes of desert storm?

Protect SA and force Iraq out of Kuwait

27

Who contributed to the cost of Desert Storm?

SA and Japan and US

28

After the brief 1991 war, what was the resolution?

Iraq disarmed and submitted to weapons inspections.

29

Cause of 2003 Iraq war

Saddam interfered with UN weapons inspections

30

During 2003 war, the US was not supported by the ____

UN

31

2003 invasion did what?

Quickly captured Iraq and forced Saddam out of power

32

More soldiers have died during the _____ than during the ____.

Occupation than during the war

33

US began to give power back to Iraq in ____.

2004, but people didn't cooperate very well.

34

Reasons for 2003 US invasion of Iraq?

1. Find and destroy WMD ( None found)
2.Prevent spread of terrorism (We thought Al Queda was there)
3. Remove an evil dictator (Accomplished)
4. Bring democracy to the region (Not quite)
5. Protect Israel (Somewhat accomplished)

35

How many US deaths was the 2003 War? Injuries?

4374 deaths, 30.000 injuries

36

How much $ did the 2003 war cost?

$700B, set to exceed $1T. $200B for medical costs for soldiers

37

Amount of Iraqi deaths?

Around 200,000

38

Egypt is 90%________________

Unfarmable

39

The Nile river is ________________ along it's banks

Fertile

40

Egypt became a civilization ____ years ago

5,000

41

Egypt won independence from Britian in ____

1922

42

Nile river provides...

Electricity and Irrigation

43

What is the main export of Egypt?

Cotton

44

Can't grow enough ____

Food

45

The Suez Canal ____

Provides income

46

What % of Egyptians are not educated?

40%

47

Hosni Mubarak was overthrown in ____

Feb 2011 part of Arab Spring

48

Egypt is currently run by ____

The Military

49

The capital of Egypt is

Cairo

50

Population of Cairo is ____

6 million, 19 million in metro area

51

What was Iran called?

Persia

52

When did the name change from Persia to Iran?

1935

53

Who put the Shah of Iran in power?

USA's CIA

54

Who removed the Shah from power?

Islamic Revolution, 1979

55

When did Iraq attack Iran?

1980 for Persian Gulf Access

56

Iran is run by ____

Religious leader, Ayatollah

57

Iran population

68 million, largest in middle east

58

Whats Iran capital?

Tehran - 6 million

59

Iran is what percent muslim? what's the majority?

90% shi'ite muslim

60

Iran produces ____

Oil, rugs, crops - farming and grazing

61

What are the main parts of Israel?

Golan heights, gaza strip, west bank of Jordan River.

62

Until when was Israel known as Palestine and part of Ottoman Empire?

WWI

63

Became a Jewish homeland in ____

1948 with UN support

64

How much does the US give in aid to Israel each year?

$3 Billion

65

When was Iraq's attack on Israel? What changes have been made since then?

1991 w/ scud missiles. Homes now can't be penetrated by chem. or bio. weapons

66

Capital of Israel?

Jerusalem (religious city for 3 faiths)