Flashcards in World War I Deck (23):
Strong feelings of pride, loyalty, and protectiveness toward their own country. Countries place their countries' interests above all else. Some ethnic groups wanted to fight for independence.
The belief that a nation needs a strong military. Countries built up their armies and navies.
Alliances bound nations together. An attack on one country would bring many countries into the fight.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand is shot. Why did this happen and what did this do?
He is shot because the assassin is upset that the Austrian Hungarian empire took over his country. This was the spark that started the war.
Five causes of the war
Why did World War I cost so many lives?
New weapons and trench warfare. There were machine guns, tanks, airplanes, bombs, landmines, flamethrowers, submarines, and poisonous gas. These weapons killed quickly and easily. People were excited to use the new weapons. Outside the trenches there was no protection. Charging at the other trench would cause the other side to kill easily. This happened continuously. Diseases were spread by the dead and rats. These trenches were also dirty and filthy. There was also starvation for people on the homefront. All of the food was going to the troops.
How did the United States become involved in the war?
The sinking of the Lusitania, the Zimmerman telegram, trade, and propaganda. We started trading with the allies more, which made the central powers mad. Propaganda convinced people to lean towards one side or another The Lusitania was shot by German submarines because they thought that there were weapons, food, and supplies on board going to the Allies. This turned many Americans against Germany. The Zimmerman telegram was sent by Germany asking Mexico to join Germany and invade the United States. In return Germany would help Mexico get back lost territories such as Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. This was intercepted by the United Kingdom and sent to America. This made Americans furious.
What day did the war end?
November 11, 1918 at 11 AM
Who was on the Allied side?
Great Britain, Portugal, France, Belgium, Italy, Serbia, Greece, Romania, Russia, Montenegro.
Who was on the Central Powers side?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire.
How did the US raise an army?
They started a draft. This forced people the fight. This required all males between 21 and 30 to fight.
How did women and African-American men serve in the war?
Women acted as interpreters,operated switchboards, entertained troops, and drove ambulances. 400,000 African-Americans served and faced discrimination
How did US naval officers help the allies?
They suggested using a convoy system to protect ships. And American tactic of putting mines in the ocean made U-boat access to the North Atlantic almost impossible.
How did US grounded troops helped the Allies?
They help call Germans. They helped push back the German lines and retreat with 26,000 dead.
What did Alvin York do?
He killed 25 machine gunners and came back with 132 captives.
What did Eddie Rickenbacker do?
He shot down 26 enemy planes. He won the Medal of Honor.
What ended the war?
The Germans were advised to seek peace. The Kaiser stepped down. Germany agreed to an armistice, an end to fighting.
What were the human costs of the war?
Civilians were left dead from starvation and disease. The United States had around 125,000 dead. The highest death toll was from Germany.
How did the war look in movie houses?
It looked exciting and glamorous.
Why did the economy boom for the United States when we were neutral?
Allies and Central Powers need to do food and weapons steel and other goods. We began to give more to the Allies.
What is propaganda?
The spreading of ideas or beliefs that help a particular cause and hurt and opposing cause. It can be dangerous.
What groups of people did not want to get involved in the war?
Pacifists and isolationists.