Class 1 - Intro to Health Promotion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Class 1 - Intro to Health Promotion Deck (7)
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1

health promotion

the process of enabling people to increase control over determinants of health and thereby improve their health.
-address health issues in context
-supports a holistic approach
-requires a long term perspective
-multisectoral
-draws on knowledge from social, economic, political, environmental, medical and nursing sciences, as well as from first hand experiences

2

disease prevention

action to avoid or forestall illness or disease

3

primary prevention

activities protect against a disease before signs and symptoms occur. example: immunization

4

secondary prevention

activities promote early detection of disease once pathogenesis has occurred so that prompt treatment can be initiated to halt disease and limit disability. example: preventative screening for cancer, blood pressure screening

5

tertiary prevention

helping patients recovery after disease. example: rehabilitation

6

ottawa charter for health promotion strategies

1. build healthy public policy - create healthy conditions
2.create supportive environments - take care of each other, our communities and our natural environment. Physical environments are healthy and safe and living and working conditions are stimulating and satisfying
3. strengthen community action - communities identify issues and work together to make changes that will enhance health
4.develop personal skills - help clients develop personal skills, enhance coping strategies and gain control over their health and environment.
5.reorient health services - to shift emphasis from treating disease to improving health and to make the health care system more efficient and effective.

7

maslows hierarchy of needs

self actualization - lack of prejudice, acceptance of facts. the idea of doing what you're destined to.
esteem - self esteem; how you feel about your self
social - family, friends, interactive
safety -somewhere to sleep, income, feeling secure
physiological - food, water, sleep, oxygen, sex