Flashcards in Class 1 - Intro to Health Promotion Deck (7)
the process of enabling people to increase control over determinants of health and thereby improve their health.
-address health issues in context
-supports a holistic approach
-requires a long term perspective
-draws on knowledge from social, economic, political, environmental, medical and nursing sciences, as well as from first hand experiences
action to avoid or forestall illness or disease
activities protect against a disease before signs and symptoms occur. example: immunization
activities promote early detection of disease once pathogenesis has occurred so that prompt treatment can be initiated to halt disease and limit disability. example: preventative screening for cancer, blood pressure screening
helping patients recovery after disease. example: rehabilitation
ottawa charter for health promotion strategies
1. build healthy public policy - create healthy conditions
2.create supportive environments - take care of each other, our communities and our natural environment. Physical environments are healthy and safe and living and working conditions are stimulating and satisfying
3. strengthen community action - communities identify issues and work together to make changes that will enhance health
4.develop personal skills - help clients develop personal skills, enhance coping strategies and gain control over their health and environment.
5.reorient health services - to shift emphasis from treating disease to improving health and to make the health care system more efficient and effective.