Class 2 - Determinants of Health & Health Statistics Flashcards Preview

117 - Health Promotion > Class 2 - Determinants of Health & Health Statistics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Class 2 - Determinants of Health & Health Statistics Deck (18)
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1

healthcare disparities

differences in access to or availability of facilities and services

2

health status disparities

the variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups

3

health literacy

the ability to obtain, process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions

4

health statistics

info gathered about trends regarding health and illness

5

statistical illiteracy

a combined problem
-misleading or confusing way statistics are presented
-lack of statistical thinking skills among consumers of health info

6

determinants of health

income&social status, social support networks, education&literacy, employment & working conditions, physical environments, biological&genetic endowments, individual health practices&coping skills, health child development, health services, gender, culture, social environments

7

risk factor and health promotion strategy of income&social status

risk factor: unemployment, underemployment, marginalization
health promotion: employment security, education assistance, foster de-stigmatization

8

risk factor and health promotion of social support networks

risk factor: living in isolated areas, few friends or family members, withdrawn affect
health promotion: outreach organizations, social networkings, interest groups

9

risk factors and health promotion of education&literacy

risk factor: non completion of highschool
health promotion: low or no-cost educational upgrading programs, ESL classes

10

risk factors and health promotion of employment and working conditions

risk factor: unemployment, underemployment, stressful or unsafe working conditions
health promotion: work safe BC involvement improving interpersonal communication skills

11

risk factors and health promotion of physical environments

risk factor: contaminants in air, water, food and soil
health promotion: lobby manufacturers and other industries to regulate pollution production, food additives, legislate community and transportation design systems

12

risk factors and health promotion of biological&genetic endowments

risk factors: family history of chronic disease, predisposition to genetically inherited diseases
health promotion: genetic testing prior to starting a family

13

risk factors and health promotion of individual health practices&coping skills

risk factors: mental illness, poor nutritional habits, smoking, excessive ETOH consumption
health promotion: anger management strategies, education about lifestyle changes, stress management information

14

risk factors and health promotion of healthy child development

risk factors: low socio-economic environment
health promotion: prenatal classes, parenting education

15

risk factors and health promotion of health services

risk factors: geographic isolation, small communities, no access to health care system
health promotion: education re. healthcare coverage, outreach health services

16

risk factors and health promotion of gender

risk factor: female gender
health promotion: lobby for equal rights

17

risk factors and health promotion of culture

risk factor: gay or lesbian, aboriginal descent, minority groups and cultures
health promotion: foster acceptance and uphold human rights practices and legislation

18

risk factors and health promotion of social environments

risk factor: geographic or social isolation
health promotion: foster community activities and involvement, increase accessibility of programs and services