Class 6: Communicable disease and harm reduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Class 6: Communicable disease and harm reduction Deck (14)
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1

communicable disease

examples: c diff., TB, strep throat
how do nurses prevent the spread of communicable disease? handwashing, medical asepsis, precautions, cover wounds

2

outbreak

sudden rise in the incidence of disease

3

endemic

disease is present at levels that are expected

4

epidemic

more cases of the disease than expected

5

pandemic

outbreak across the world

6

communicable disease reporting

-if known or suspected that an animal or person is suffering from or has died from a communicable disease it must be reported to the medical health officer if the disease:
is listed in schedule A (immediate report)
is listed in schedule B (within 7 days) or,
becomes epidemic or shows unusual features

7

what is harm reduction

-taking action through policy and programming to reduce the harmful effects of behaviour
-a range of nonjudgemental approaches and strategies aimed at providing and enhancing the knowledge, skill resources and supports for an individuals, their families and communities to make informed decisions to be safer and healthier

8

harm reduction guiding principles

-pragmatism - being realistic
-human rights - right to choose
-focus on harms - decrease negative consequences
-maximize interventions options - different ways to help
-priority of immediate goals - focus on goals that are needed in this step

9

what policies and programs do we have in canada to help reduce the potentially harmful effects of behaviour?

drinking/legal age
designated smoking areas

10

pragmatism (harm reduction)

acknowledges that drugs carry risks but drug use also provides the user and society with benefits that must be taken into account

11

human rights (harm reduction)

acknowledges an individuals right to self determination and supports informed decision making in the context of active drug use. emphasis is placed on personal choice, responsibility and management

12

focus on harms (harm reduction)

decreasing negative consequences of drug use to the users and others, rather than decrease the drug use itself. while harm reduction emphasizes a change to safer practices and patterns of drug use, it recognizes the need for strategies at all stages along the continuum of drug use

13

maximize intervention options (harm reduction)

recognizes that people who use drugs benefit from a variety of different approaches. providing options and prompt access to a broad range of interventions that helps keep people alive and safe.

14

Priority of immediate goals (harm reduction)

immediate focus on their most pressing needs. established a hierarchy of achievable interventions that taken one at a time can lead to a fuller, healthier life for drug users and a safer, healthier community.