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ottawa charter for health promotion strategies

1. build healthy public policy - create healthy conditions
2.create supportive environments - take care of each other, our communities and our natural environment. Physical environments are healthy and safe and living and working conditions are stimulating and satisfying
3. strengthen community action - communities identify issues and work together to make changes that will enhance health
4.develop personal skills - help clients develop personal skills, enhance coping strategies and gain control over their health and environment.
5.reorient health services - to shift emphasis from treating disease to improving health and to make the health care system more efficient and effective.


what are carbohydrates?*****

the primary source of energy/fuel for body
-includes vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin c and folic acid
-an important source of fibre
-provide calories, used to provide energy or stored as fat/glycogen


monounsaturated fats

-liquid at room temp. and turn cloudy in the fridge
-plant oils (peanut and olive oil), avocados, nuts (almonds, hazelnuts, and pecans), and seeds (pumpkin and sesame)
-decrease risk of heart disease


polyunsaturated fats

-liquid at room temp as well as in the fridge
-sunflower, corn, soybean, and flaxseed oils, and also foods such as walnuts, flax seeds, and fish.
-includes omega 3 fats


saturated fats

-limit these fats
-usually solid at room temp
-the primary sources are animal products (red meat and whole milk dairy products), topical vegetable oils (coconut and palm oil)
-Raises LDL or "bad" cholesterol that increases your risk of coronary heart disease.
-our bodies can produce all the saturated fat that we need when we consume enough of the good fats.


trans fats

-limit these fats
-created by heating liquid vegetable oils in the presence of hydrogen gas making them more stable and less likely to spoil
-primary sources are vegetable shortenings, some margarines, many processed foods.
-raises LDL or "bad" cholesterol that increases your risk of coronary heart disease, as well as lowering HDL, or good cholesterol.