Class #10 - Heart Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Class #10 - Heart Deck (25):
1

Egyptians thought heart was center of? and?

Intellectual/Emotions. Produced blood.

2

The notion of circulatory system?

William Harvey 1600s.

3

Heart lifetime beats? CO?

2.6 billion. 5L/min

4

Heart disease risk factors?

family, ear lob crease, bladness, men, menopause, smoking, overweight, Db

5

Blood glucose unit of measurement?

126 mg/dL (US) = 7 mmol/L (Canada). 18 times difference

6

Fasting blood glucose of db?

>7

7

Oral glucose tolerance test of Db?

>11

8

Hb A1c normal?

Less 7%

9

Gene in Caucasians and black with increase dislipidemia and increase Alzheimers?

APOE4

10

Egg and cholesterol?

Preformed cholesterol doesn't affect blood levels, fat and carb intake does.

11

Elevated Homocysteine level? due to? However?

increase heart risk. Low B vitamins. High B vitamins correct level of homocysteine, but does not reduce cardiovascular risks.

12

Blood measurement of inflammation? Difference in levels?

C reactive P+. >100mg/L = more likely bacteria infection. 10-50mg/L = Bacteria and virus

13

Salt levels?

Average 3400mg of Na+; Recommended 2300mg = 6g of salt; Optimal 1500mg = 4g of salt.

14

Anti High BP Rx classes?

-Diuretics
-ACE inhibitors-block angiotensin converting enz., inhibiting production of angiotensin II
-B-blockers: reduce workload of heart and block adrenalin. AE: Tiredness.
- Ca+ channel blocker: Dilate arteries
-Angiotensin II receptor antagonists

15

Inventor of Nitro?

Nobel, had angina

16

Arginine for angina?

AA precursor of NO = dilatation. NOt proven efficacy.

17

Dropsy =

Heart failure

18

Fox glove cure found by?

William Withering, now called digoxin

19

Coenzyme q10 in heart failure?

Not enough evidence.

20

Anti-arrythmic Rx?

Amiodarone.

21

MI stats?

25% die stat
25% unaware
1.5 millions/year in North America

22

MI interventions?

morphine, O2, Nitro, Aspirin, stent

23

Bypass surgery aftermatch?

Better life quality, doesn't live longer.

24

First heart transplant?

1967 Chris Bernard in South Africa.

25

Cyclosporine?

Anti-rejection drug.