Class #9 - Mental illness Flashcards Preview

Drugs 183 > Class #9 - Mental illness > Flashcards

Flashcards in Class #9 - Mental illness Deck (52):
1

Mental illness affects?

1/4 people

2

Lunatics origins?

Moon causing craziness

3

Amanda Feilding 70s?

Own trepanation, claims higher consciousness

4

Peter Halvorson advocate for?

Hole in head

5

Freud definition of mental illness?

Struggle between consciousness and uncon.

6

1780 Luigi Galvani? Also found out?

Frog Leg twitches with static electricity. His body was releasing electricity

7

Alessandro Volta?

1st batteries with 2 dissimilar metals where paper with water and salt was placed between.

8

Otta Loewi 1920s? Experiment? Discovered?

Stimulated heart of frog by stimulating vagus nerve with electricity slows the heart rate. Allowed a solution connected to a second heart and that made the 2nd heartbeat.
Neurotransmitters.

9

First NT isolated? Does what to heart?

Acetylcholine, slow HR.

10

Rx Reserpine causes? comes from?

NT (monoamines) to leak out of vesicle slowly = >HR.
Snakeroot (plant)

11

Amphetamines causes?

NE/Dopamine flood out of synapse.

12

Tricyclic?

Impairs reuptake of NE and Serotonin (not selective to serotonin)

13

MAOI?

Impairs breakdown of MAO.

14

Neuroleptics?

Block receptors for dopamine

15

Schizo def?

"Loss contact with reality" "hallucinations" "Delusions of persecutions"

16

Henri Laborit (France) 1952 experiment?

Death surgery table why?
Hypo: b/c of histamines?
Promethazine (Phenergan): Anti-his., did not reduce death, but calmed pts.
He tried it on schizo and this trigged research.

17

Henri Laborit also first anti-histamine successful on schizo? Why? Conclusions? AE?

Chlorpromazine (Thorazine). Block dopamine. Conclusion schizo caused by excess dopamine. Parkinsons like Sx.

18

Parkinson cause?

Dopamine deficiency

19

Nathan Kline (USA) tried?

Reserpine on schizo. and it worked.

20

Perphenazine difference with chlorpromazine?

More potent

21

Haldol action? advantage with perphenazine? Works on everyone?

Block dopamine. Less AE. Calming effect.

22

% of schizo that can function normally nowadays?

25%

23

Clinical depression 4 characteristics?

Hopelessness, pessimism, uselessness, no reason to feel that way.

24

The first antidepressant resulted from? Name? Mec of action? class?

Research for improved chlorpromazine. Imipramine. Block reuptake of serotonin/NE Tricyclic.

25

Called tricyclic b/c?

3 benzene ring.

26

Amitriptyline is?

Tri.

27

Tricyclic AE? why?

Anticholinergic: Dry mouth, blurred vision
Antiadrenergic: Irregular heart beat.
B/C also block cholinergic and NE receptors.

28

Prozac first? AE?

SSRI's. N, anxiety, sleep disturbance, sex dysfunction.

29

SSRIs eg.?

Sertraline, Travadone, Citalopram

30

Prozac bad press? Also would increase? Proven?

1989 Louisville shooting, the murderer on Prozac? Suicide risk? Never proven.

31

Scientology against?

Antipsychotic drugs.

32

Prozac also used to treat?

OCD

33

% of people with Tourette also have OCD?

50%

34

% of pop with OCD?

2%

35

Tourette's syndrome explained by?

George Gilles de la Tourette. Involuntary tics and vocalizations

36

Obsessions def?

Unwanted, unreasonable, intrusive thoughts. Often about contamination, symmetry, "perfection"

37

Compulsion def?

Acts upon obsessions.

38

Trichomania def? fun fact?

Playing with hair all the time. birds can have that.

39

OCD causes?

Chemical imbalance. Seizures, strokes, TBI's can trigger OCD.

40

"Gourmand Syndrome"

After stroke, all thoughts about food.

41

When OCD treated in brain scan?

reduction in caudate nucleus activity, just like treated addicts.

42

Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorder Associated with Streptococcus (PANDAS)?

OCD triggered by Strep. in child.

43

Meds for OCD?

SSRI's especially Anafranil. 30% improved Sx.

44

Behavioral therapy how it works?

Force people to do things they fear for, 1-20 sessions can improve overall Sx.

45

Another therapy that works?

Confrontational therapy.

46

History of MAOI's? Discoverer?

Tuberculosis -> Iproniazid anti-tuberculosis -> Also made them happy -> Nathan Kline tried on depressed pts

47

Problem with MAOIs?

Old cheese contains Tyramine = HTA if not broken down with MOA.

48

History of Lithium as bipolar treatment.

John Cade noticed maniac/depressed pattern in Jap WWII prison camp -> injected in guinea pig urine of pt in maniac phase -> died more quickly than when in depressed phase. Hypo: b/c of uric acid in urine?
Made a salt with lithium for his base and it calmed down guinea pig and pts.

49

Lithium mec of action? AE?

Block synthesis of Inositol which plays a role in conducting electricity in brain.
AE: N, trembling hands

50

1st antianxiety Rx? Problem?

Barbiturates. Too sedative and addictive.

51

Researcher for first Benzo? and how?

Frank Berger test Rx for ATB activity -> Tried Mephenosin -> musc relaxant and anti-anx, but to many AE. Stimulated research.
Meprobamate -> Librium -> Valium

52

Weed antidepressant molecule?

CBD