Class 10: Urinary System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Class 10: Urinary System Deck (240)
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1

female urethra is shorter/longer than male?

shorter

2

internal sphincter is under

involuntary control

3

external sphincter is under

voluntary control

4

prostate glad surrounds the...

urethra

5

kidney functions to filter...

blood plasma, separate waste

6

kidney functions to return useful substances to the

blood

7

kidney regulates blood pressure and volume by ...

eliminating or conserving water

8

kidneys regulate the osmolarity of the body fluids by...

controlling the relative amounts of water and solutes eliminated

9

kidney secretes the enzyme...

renin

10

enzyme renin activates...

hormonal mechanisms that control blood pressure and electrolyte balance

11

kidney secretes the hormone...

erythropoitin

12

kidney hormone erythropoitin stimulates

production of red blood cells

13

kidney collaborates with the...

lungs to regulate the pCO2 and acid-base balance of body fluids

14

kidney takes the final step in synthesizing the hormone...

calcitriol

15

calcitriol contributes to ...

calcuim homeostasis

16

kidneys produce... from.... in starvation

gluconegenesis from amino acids

17

four body systems carry out excretion

resipratory system, integumentarly system, digestive system, urinary system

18

Urea formation process

proteins to amino acids. nitrogen is removed, which forms ammonia.

19

Liver converts ammonia to...

urea

20

uric acid is a product of...

nucleic acid catabolism

21

creatinine is a product of

creatine phosphate catabolism

22

blood urea nitrogen is the expression of...

nitrogenous waste in the blood

23

normal concentration of blood urea is

10-20 mg/dl

24

azotemi is...

elevated BUN, indicates renal insufficiency

25

uremia syndome symptoms

diarrhea, vomiting, dyspnea, cardiac arrhythmia

26

kidney lie against the posterior...

abdominal wall at level of T12 to L3

27

right kidney is slightly... due to the

lower, large right lobe of liver

28

rib 12 crosses the middle of the

left kidney

29

location of the kidneys is

retroperitoneal

30

kidneys are located behind the...

peritoneal cavity