Flashcards in Class 11: Endocrine System Deck (124)
hormones will float around in the blood stream and then reach..
the target organ or target tissue
Endocrine organs are...
pineal glad, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, thymus, adrenal gland, pancreas, parathyroid, gonads
exocrine glands have...
exits.., have ducts.
endocrine glands have...
no ducts. have intracellular effects such as altering target cell metabolism
there are several chemicals that function as both
hormones and neurotransmitters
what is the relationship between the endocrine and nervous systems?
they regulate each other
hormones will affect neurons how?
stimulate or inhibit
three classes of chemicals
steroids, peptides and glycoproteins, monoamines
steroids are derived from...
steroids are secreted by..
gonads and adrenal glands
estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, cortisol, corticosterone, aldosterone, DHEA and calcitriol are all...
peptides and glycoproteins are created from..
chains of amino acids
peptides and glycoproteins are secreted by which parts of the brain?
pituitary and hypothalamus
oxytocin, antidiuretic hormone, releasing and inhibiting hormones, and anterior pituitary hormones are all...
peptides and glycoproteins
monoamines are derived from..
monamines are secreted by which endocrine glands?
adrenals, pineal, thyroid glands
epinephrine, norepinephrine, melatonin and thyroid hormone are all..
hypothalamus "instructs" the...
hypothalamus produces ...., which affect pituitary function
releasing factors or inhibitory factors
somatostatin affects the...
dopamine affects the...
TRH affects the
CRH affects the
GnRH affects the...
GHRH affects the...
hypothalamus forms the...
floor and walls of the third ventricle of the brain
hypothalamus regulates what?
primitive functions of the brain-water balance to thermoregulation to sex drive
the pituitary gland is suspended from the... by a...