Class 6/11 Flashcards Preview

LAST EXAMMMMMM Year I > Class 6/11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Class 6/11 Deck (78):
1

what is the most common form of B anthrax

cutaneous eschar (thick scab) like formation
bacillary dysentery

2

what do you see pseudomembranes with

cornebacterium
mononucleosis

3

What can Moraxella cattarhalis cause in children? in adults?

children- common cause of otitis media
adults- COPD exacerbation

4

common causes otitis media in chilren

strep pneumoniae
H influenzae
Moraxella cattarhalis
HACEK group

5

What does legionella cause

patchy bronchopneumonia
rarely interstitial

6

Tularemia (Franisella) can cause what

severe infection even in regional lymph nodes

7

what are the vectors for rickettsia

arthropods

8

What area is endemic to leprosy in US

Louisiana

9

describe path of sporotrichosis fungus

along lymphatic channels

10

mycoplasma pneumonia causes what

interstitial pneumonia

11

What does ureaplasma cause

non gonococcal urethritis

12

What are the main differences of S typhi and Y enterocolitca clinical manifestations

S typhi has cutaneous rose spots
Y entero does not have cutaneous manifestation
Ab for S typhi, not Y entero

13

which bacteria causes "pseudo appendicitis"

Y enterocolitica

14

Of the urea spliters which ones are part of normal flora

ureaplasma urealyticum

15

What are the clinical manifestations of proeus mirabilis urethritis

acute pyleonephritis, cystitis
sepsis(immunocompromised)

16

What Dx lab can you use to confirm proteus mirabilis

Weil Felix

17

Klebsiella causes what

necrotizing pneumonia
red jelly
like staph

18

what type of pneumonia is from mycoplasma

interstitial

19

most common diarrhea worldwide

campylobacter

20

Worst 2 organisms of significant diarrhea

shigella ad salmonella

21

Pneumocystis carinii is protozoa or fungi?

fungi

22

What gram + organisms have an exotoxin activated by lysogenic phage

strep pyogenes (Group A beta hemolytic strep)
corynebacterium diphtheriae

23

how does scarlet fever spread

axially(center)
does not affect face
avoids antecubital fossa and popliteal fossa

24

what is another name of Strep agalactiae

Group B strep

25

Optigen discs are used for what

Dx strep pneumoniae

26

double vision, difficulty speaking, dysphonia dysphagia/ Dx?

botulinum toxin poisoning
4Ds
give anti-toxin

27

Vi Ag on gram - rod, Dx?

Salmonella typhi

28

red/blue lesions in the mouth are called what and assoc with what

koplik spots
measles

29

What viruses are sexually transmitted

HSV herpes 1 2
Hep B
HPV
HIV

30

What are the sexually transmitted bacterial infections

Neisseria
Treponema Pallidum
H ducreyi
Granuloma inguinale
Lymphogranuloma venerum (disease)

31

What is a common STD protozoan

trichomonis vaginalis

32

what patient population has severe pneumonia if contract CMV also

marrow transplant patients

33

What patient population contracts retinitis if infected with CMV

AIDS

34

what systems do viruses commonly invade

respiratory and GI

35

high fever, b/l conjunctivitis, photophobia
lesions in mouth
reddish bumpy rash on face now on chest
+ paramyxovirus
Dx? and most feared complication?

Measles
Encephalitis

36

Waterhouse-Friedrichson syndrome is seen when and is what

with N meningitidis
b/l adrenal hemorrhage

37

What is Reyes syndrome

encephalitis hepatic syndrome
URI or true influenza with aspirin

38

What is a late manifestation of measles

subacute sclerosing panencephalitis

39

When were H1N1 outbreaks

1918 2009

40

When were the H5N1 outbreaks

1997

41

When was the H7N9 outbreak

2013

42

What syndrome can be caused by influenza virus

interstitial pneumonia

43

Epidemic forms of influenza are what type

type A because can infect other mammals

44

What are the paramyxoviruses

parainfluenza
RSV
metapneumovirus
mumps
measles

45

Hep D occurs with what

Hep B(the only DNA)

46

What are main opportunistic infections of AIDS patients

PCP
CMV

47

what malignancies are assoc with AIDS

kaposi
primary CNS lymphomas- B cell
HPV

48

What are the most common culprits for respiratory illness in children

RSV, metapneumovirus, parainfluenza, rhinovirus, adenovirus

49

Parvo b19 causes what in infants

non-immune hydrops

50

what are the flaviviruses

SLE
yellow fever
dengue
West nile virus

51

What is carried in some rodents in SE US

hantavirus

52

what type of virus is polio

entero

53

Coxsackie B has been assoc with what inflammations

pericarditis and myocarditis

54

what virsues cause common cold

rhinovirus
coronavirus

55

SARS is what virus family

coronavirus

56

What viruses cause diarrhea

calicivirus
rota
adeno
astro

57

what causes the diarrheal diseases on cruise ships

norovirus
part of calici family

58

What are signs of SARS

fever, myalgias, chills
dry cough pleurisy and SOB
sore throat, rhinorrhea
ARDS

59

What are characteristic of rhabdovirus

negri bodies in the neurons

60

What are the filoviruses

Ebola and Marburg

61

What are the arenaviruses

lassa fever
south american hemorrhagic fever viruses
Rift valley fever

62

What is the cycle of lassa fever

48 hour cycle
looks like ricen poisoning

63

What are the subcut fungi

sporotrichosis, chromoblastomycosis

64

What are the systemic fungi

histoplasmosis
blastomyces
coccidiodomycosis- SW

65

what is sporotrichoid spread

spreads along lymphatics
not necessarily from sporotrichosis

66

what does cryptococcosis cause
how do you stain

low grade encephalitis
india ink stain of CSF

67

What are the angioinvasive fungi

aspergillosis
mucormycosis

68

which fungus has pseudohyphae form

candida in yeast form

69

what fungus does have hyphae form

aspergillosus
and mucormycosis too

70

What are the fungus like bacteria

actinomyces- gram +with sulfur granules
Nocardia- gram + acid fast

71

Nocardia is mistaken for what type of infection

M TB

72

What malaria causes cerebral symptoms

falciprum

73

babesiosis is seen where in US

south

74

What causes chagas and what are signs

acalasia (distal esophageal diseases)
no peristaltic wave
trypanosoma cruzi

75

What are the intestinal amoebas

ameba
giardia lamblia
cryptosporidium

76

What are the groups of nematodes

intestinal
blood/tissue
cutaenous larval migrans

77

What are the groups of platyhelminths

trematodes(flukes)
cestodes (tapeworms)

78

12 y/o on pig farm
lethargic, low grade fever, stomach pain, aching mm
eosinophlia
unremarkable CXR

Trichinella spiralis