Class Differences in Achievement - Internal Factors Flashcards Preview

Sociology - Main Sociologists (Education) > Class Differences in Achievement - Internal Factors > Flashcards

Flashcards in Class Differences in Achievement - Internal Factors Deck (11)
Loading flashcards...
1

Who discusses labelling in schools?

1). Becker =

- 'ideal pupil'.

2). Hempel-Jorgensen =

- ideal pupil defined by behavioural issues in the school.

3). Dunne and Gazeley =

- normalised w/c underachievement.

4). Rist =

- teachers use background info to separate pupils into groups.

2

What did Becker discuss?

'Ideal pupil' defined by pupils' background.

3

What did Hempel-Jorgensen discuss?

Ideal pupil defined by whether the school had issues with behaviour/discipline.

4

What did Dunne and Gazeley discuss?

Teachers 'normalised' w/c under-achievement, but tried to overcome m/c under-achievement.

5

What did Rist find?

Teachers used pupils' background info to place them into groups ('tigers', 'cardinals' and 'clowns').

6

Who discusses self-fulfilling prophecies as causing the class difference in achievement?

Rosenthal and Jacobson =

- IQ test ('intellectual bloomers').

7

Who said about the A-to-C economy (streaming)?

Gillborn and Youdell =

- w/c less likely to achieve, so place them in lower streams (self-fulfilling prophecy).

- educational triage.

8

Who discusses the concept of differentiation and polarisation (pupil subcultures)?

Lacey.

9

What does Hargreaves discuss?

Boys in lower streams were triple failures =

- in lower streams.

- failed 11+ exam.

- labelled as 'worthless louts'.

10

Who discussed abolishing streams?

Ball =

- polarisation = removed.

- differentiation = continued.

11

What did Woods say the pupil responses to labelling and streaming were?

1). Ingratiation = 'teacher's pet'.

2). Ritualism = staying out of trouble.

3). Retreatism = mucking about.

4). Rebellion = rejecting school.