Flashcards in Class Differences in Achievement - Internal Factors Deck (11)
Who discusses labelling in schools?
1). Becker =
- 'ideal pupil'.
2). Hempel-Jorgensen =
- ideal pupil defined by behavioural issues in the school.
3). Dunne and Gazeley =
- normalised w/c underachievement.
4). Rist =
- teachers use background info to separate pupils into groups.
What did Becker discuss?
'Ideal pupil' defined by pupils' background.
What did Hempel-Jorgensen discuss?
Ideal pupil defined by whether the school had issues with behaviour/discipline.
What did Dunne and Gazeley discuss?
Teachers 'normalised' w/c under-achievement, but tried to overcome m/c under-achievement.
What did Rist find?
Teachers used pupils' background info to place them into groups ('tigers', 'cardinals' and 'clowns').
Who discusses self-fulfilling prophecies as causing the class difference in achievement?
Rosenthal and Jacobson =
- IQ test ('intellectual bloomers').
Who said about the A-to-C economy (streaming)?
Gillborn and Youdell =
- w/c less likely to achieve, so place them in lower streams (self-fulfilling prophecy).
- educational triage.
Who discusses the concept of differentiation and polarisation (pupil subcultures)?
What does Hargreaves discuss?
Boys in lower streams were triple failures =
- in lower streams.
- failed 11+ exam.
- labelled as 'worthless louts'.
Who discussed abolishing streams?
- polarisation = removed.
- differentiation = continued.