Gender Differences in Achievement - External Factors Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Gender Differences in Achievement - External Factors Deck (5)
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1

Who discusses external factors as an explanation for the gender gap in education?

1). McRobbie --> impact of feminism.

2). Sharpe --> girls' changing ambitions.

3). Fuller --> girls' changing ambitions.

4). Reay --> class differences in girls' ambitions.

2

What study did McRobbie conduct?

Girls' magazines =

- 1970s = importance of getting married.

- now = assertive, independent.

3

What study did Sharpe do?

interviews of girls in 1970s and 1990s =

- 1970s = low aspirations (wanted marriage).

- 1990s = high aspirations for a career first.

4

What did Fuller find about girls' changing ambitions?

Educational success as part of their identity =

- wanted good jobs.

- believed in meritocracy so worked hard to achieve.

5

What did Reay find about social class and gender?

w/c girls expect to have bad jobs =

- their limited aspiration reflects this.

- a gender identity (being a couple) offers them a source of status.