Whats the Purpose of the NATOPS program?
The NATOPS program is a positive approach towards improving combat readiness and achieving a substantial reduction in aircraft mishaps.
The manual issues policy and procedural guidance of the CNO that is applicable to all NATOPS users.
Whats the purpose of CNAF 3710?
This manual prescribes general flight and operating instructions and procedures applicable to the operation of all naval aircraft and related activities.
This manual is not intended to cover every contingency that may arise and every rule of safety and good practice.
When are you allowed to Deviate from CNAF?
In the tactical environment, military exigency may exists that may require on-site deviation from instructions/procedures contained here.
The existing risk of deviation must continually be weighed against the benefit of deviating from this manual.
Deviation from specified flight and operating instructions is authorized in emergency situations when, in the judgement of the PIC, safety justifies such a deviation.
What does NATOPS say about modifying procedures?
No manual can cover every situation or be a substitute for sound judgement; operational situations may require modification of the procedures contained therein.
Read these products thoroughly. As an aircrew member, it is your responsibility to have complete knowledge of their contents.
Does intent absolve you of culpability?
Lack of intent does not in itself constitute absence of culpability. One can be so grossly negligent as to equate omission with commission.
The question is whether the PIC or the formation leader could reasonably have been expected to avoid the violation.
Define a Warning
Explanatory information about a procedure, practice, or condition that may result in injury, death, or loss of aircraft if not carefully followed or observed.
Define a Caution
Explanatory information about a procedure, practice, or condition that may result in damage to equipment if not carefully followed or observed.
Define a Note
Explanatory information about a procedure, practice, or condition that must be emphasized.
Define the following:
SHALL, SHOULD, MAY (Need Not), and Will
- SHALL: is used when the application of a procedure is mandatory
- SHOULD: is used with the application of a procedure is reccomended
- MAY (Need not): is used when the application of a procedure is optional
- Will: indicates futurity and never indicates any degree of requirement
Define: Land IMMEDIATELY
To execute a landing without delay
Define: LAND AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
Land at the first site at which a safe landing can be made
Define: LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE
Exetended duration of flight is not reccomended. The landing site and duration of flight are at the discretion of the PIC.
How do you describe Aircraft Class, Type, and Model?
- Class: A broad classification as to the general mission purposes of the aircraft design. (eg. fighter, transport, VTOL, ect.)
- Type: A bradcast classification of aircraft as to the physical charactaristics. (eg. Rotory wing)
- Model: The specific version of aircraft within the same model (eg. MH-60R)
Who are Aircrew?
A collective term that applies to all categories of personnel in a flight status either as crew or non-crew members.
Aircrew are military personnel on competent flight orders, or civilian personnel whose duties require frequent and regular participation in aerial flights to perform such functions as:
ainstallation, maintenance, evaluation of airborne equipment, communications specialists, photo specialists ect.
What constitutes and Actual Instrument Approach?
When actual instrument conditions are encountered below 1000ft above the airport/flight deck elevation during an actual instrument approach.
When are you in Actual Instrument Conditions?
When conditions external to the aircraft in flight do not permit visual reference to the horizon.
Define Controlling Custodian. Who is it?
The command exercising administrative control of assingment, employment, and logistical support of aircraft.
This is CNAF
What is a Cross Country?
A Local Flight?
Any flight that does not remain in the local flying area or remains in the local flying area and termintates at a facility other than an active military facility.
A flight that remains with the local flying area and terminates at either the same facility or another military facility with which the originating station has station-to-station communications.
What is Flat Hatting?
When are you allowed to do this?
Maneuvers conducted at low altitudes and/or at high rates of speed for thrill seeking purposes overland or water.
Any acts conducted for thrill seeking purposes are strictly prohibited.
When does your flight time begin and end?
For helicopters, a flight begins when the aircraft lifts from a rest point or commences a ground taxi.
It ends after airborne flight when rotors are disengaged or the aircraft has been stationaty for 5min with the rotors engaged.
Which personnel are considered flight crew?
Personnel whos presence is required on board a manned aircraft in order to perform crew functions in support of the assigned mission.
What is a HAZARD?
A condition with the potential to cause personal injury or death, property damage, or mission degradation.
What are Instrument Meteorological Conditions?
Meteorological conditions expressed in terms of visibilty, distance from clouds, and ceilings less than the minimums specified for VMC.
IMC conditions may exists anytime a visible horizon is not distinguishable.
How do you define the Local Flying Area?
The area in the vicinity of the air installation in which locally based aircraft can operate during an average/typical sorties flight time.
The local flying area SHALL NOT exceed 350NM from an air installation and be designated as such in the Air Ops manual by the commanding Officer.
Insofar as practicable, local flying areas SHALL be bounded by prominent terrain features and/or NavAid Radials/DME.
When are you allowed to log Night Time?
The portion of pilot time during darkness (i.e. between the official time of sunset and sunrise, on the surface below the aircraft in flight, regardless on whether visual or instrument conditions exist)
What are considered Non-Standard Operations?
When an urgent requirement exists to fly a short notice mission in support of:
- Special Access
- State Department Requirements
Who is the Officer in Tactical Command?
The senior officer present eligible to assume command, or the officer to whom he has delegated tactical command.
What is Operational Necessity?
A mission associated with war or peace time operations in which the consequences of an action justify accepting the risk of loss of aircraft and crew
When is someone a Passenger?
A passenger is an individual who is not a part of the aircrew traveling in an aicraft designed, or normally configured for, passenger (non-aricrew) carrying capabilites on a point-to-point flight.
Define the Reporting Custodian. Who is it?
An organizational unit of the lowest echelon of command accepting responsibility (involving accountabilty to the CNO) for aircraft as designated either by the CNO or by the controlling custodian of the aircraft
This is the Squadron Skipper.