What is CASE 1 defined as?
Case I: When it is anticipat that flights will not encounter IMC during daytime departures, recoveries, and the ceiling and visibility in the carrier control zone are no lower than 3000ft/5 nm
Case II: When it is anticipated that flights may encounter IMC during a daytime departure or recovery, and the ceiling and visibility in the carrier control zone are no lower than 1000ft/5 nm
Case III: When it is anticipated that flights will encounter IMC during a departure or recovery because the ceiling or visibility in the carrier control zone are lower than 1000ft/5 nm OR at nighttime (1/2 hour after sunset and 1/2 hour before sunrise)
How do you depart during non-CASE 3 ops?
Helicopters SHALL clear the control zone at or below 300ft or as directed by prifly.
Unless otherwise directed, helicopters SHALL take departure to port and SHALL NOT cross the bow within 5NM or the stern within 3NM without specific clearance from the tower
How do they sequence the helicopters from the delta?
Where will they land?
When recovering a flight of helicopters, the leader should plan to be at the ramp with a minimum safe interval after the last fixed wing aircraft has landed.
The helo who is furthest advanced on the inbound radial and has not turned inbound to parallel the ships course will be considered number one in the landing pattern and should expeditiously effect a landing following recovery of the last fixed wing aircraft.
The first helo to land SHOULD be assigned the landing spot furthest forward into the wind, with the follow on aircraft being cleared to land in sequence behind the number one helo.
How do you set your lights when coming in for a landing at the carrier?
Secure lower Smack with LSE in sight
POS lights flashing and Smacks off once on deck
What do you do if you go lost coms VMC?
Remain at or below 300ft, arc to enter starboard delta, and execute lost communications procedures
Visual signal for immediate landing?
I desire to land but I can wait?
Fly close aboard starboard quarter, remaining clear of other traffic, with gear down and flood/search/landing lights on. With complete electrical failure, fire a red flare to seaward.
Fly by or hover on the starboard side of the ship, low and close aboard, with navigation lights bright and flashing and anticollision lights on.
How do you do a CASE 3 launch?
After takeoff climb straight ahead to between 200 - 300 feet (unaided), 150 - 300 feet (NVD aided), or as assigned by CATCC, and arc within 3 nm to intercept the assigned departure radial
Climb to departure altitude will be commenced on the departure radial outside of 12NM
Helicopters being launched from the angled deck will not cross the bow when fixed-wing aircraft are being launch
What are the required case III departure voice reports?
- Passing 2,500’
- Established outbound
- Popeyes with altitude
- On top with altitude
How do you recover Case III unaided?
Case III unaided helicopter recoveries SHALL be conducted to the angled deck, from astern, utilizing the OLS.
Upon approaching the fantail and when the deck and LSE have been visually acquired, the helicopter SHALL then slide over, fly up the port side to the landing spot and slide into a landing.
How do you execute a night EMCON Approach?
Recovery procedures are listen in the Air Wing TACSOP.
Pattern is flown visually between 045-110° relative. After the last fixed wing aircraft has landed, the helicopter will switch position lights to FLASHING/BRIGHT.
Accelerate to 90 knots at the right hand abeam position and turn to intercept the optical glide slope at 1NM and 400ft. At the 45° position the lead helicopter will receive a green signal from tower at which point they will switch their lights to STEADY/DIM and proceed to land.
If a red light is received with passing through the 45° position, they will wave off to the right and reenter starboard holding.
What are the Launch Mins?
MODE III: 200-1/2
What are the 4 degrees of control?
What is the weather for helicopters needed for positive control?
What else warrants positive control?
- Ceiling of 500ft and visibility of 1 mile or less
- Ops between 1/2 hour after sunset and 1/2 hour before sunrise except as modified by the OTC or CO
- During mandatory letdown in thunderstorm areas
- In other situations where supervisory personnel can anticipate weather phenomena that might cause difficulty to pilots.
What is advisory control?
Who provides separation?
It SHALL be used when the traffic density in the operating area requires a higher degree of control for safety flight. It is normally limited to VMC.
Traffic separation is the responsibility of the individual pilot with assistance from the controlling agency.
What is monitor control?
Who provides separation?
This control SHALL be utilized only when aircraft are operating VMC outside controlled airspace and the responsibility for separation from other traffic can be safely assumed by the pilot
What is Non-radar control?
This control shall be used when shipboard radar is inoperativeive or so degraded as to be inadequate to provide radar separation of air traffic under conditions normally requiring positive control
What is the required vertical separation for Helos under positive control?
Helicopter and tiltrotor aircraft in conversion mode SHALL be separated by 500 ft vertically
Mode I emergency squawks?
- 0- ok
- 1- Hydraulic
- 2- electrical
- 3- fuel
- 4- oxygen
- 5- engine
- 0- no radio
- 1- no radio, tacan ok
- 2- no radio, ADF ok
- 3- radio ok, no NAVAIDs
How do you execute a missed app Case 3?
What if you go lost coms?
Helicopters SHALL climb straight ahead on the extended final bearing to 300ft and await instructions from approach control.
If no instructions are received prior to reaching 4 miles or 2 min ahead of the ship, the pilot will attempt to make contact with the ship, giving identification and position.
If instructions are not received, he will assume communication failure and execute a turn downwind reporting abeam.
If radio contact is not reestablished Helicopters reenter through the 3NM DME fix or turn inbound 2 min past abeam
Which evolutions does the LSE request through air control?
- Rotor Blade Spread/Fold
- Engine start
- Rotor engage/disengage
- Break and lift
Which LSE signals are mandatory?
When will he give them?
All LSE signals are advisory in nature except WAVE-OFF and HOLD, which are mandatory.
The LSE SHALL only give a wave off in the case of a fouled deck or if instructed by tower to do so.
After landing what do you need permission from the LSE to do?
Except in an emergency, pilots SHALL NOT stop engines or fold rotor blades without clearance from LSE
What fuel does a SAR capable helo report? Non-SAR Helo?
What else do they need to tell the controlling agency?
SAR capable helicopters will report “red light” in HHMM local
Non-SAR capable helicopters will report fuel state HH+MM to NATOPS minimum fuel
When there is a significant change in the red light or red light is reached, a radio call to the controlling agency SHOULD be made
Plane guard is on station when operating within:
20NM during the day 10NM during the night. Must remain within communications range.
Helicopter restrictions during fixed wing launch/recovery? (Keyhole)
340* - 020* (Bow) - not within 5NM / Below 200ft from 5 - 10 NM
190* - 150* (stern) - not within 3
Port side- below 300ft within 5NM, below 400ft from 5-10NM
Starboard- below 400ft
Whats the limit of the dearming area is being used?
SHALL NOT fly on the starboard side from 360 - 090 degree relative bearing within 5NM from the carrier (restricting Starboard D to 090-110)
Helicopter readiness condition 1?
The aircraft SHALL be spotted for immediate launch, with rotor blades spread, starting equipment plugged in, and a LSE, starting crewman, plane captain, and required plane handlers standing by
Unless otherwise directed by aircraft handling officer, four tiedowns SHALL be attached to the aircraft
The flightcrew SHALL be ready for launch in all respects, with all personnel equipment attached and adjusted as in flight
Helicopter readiness condition 2?
Same as condition 1, except that flightcrews SHALL stand by in the ready rooms
An alert SAR helicopter in Condition II may be folded provided the primary SAR helicopter is airborne
Helicopter readiness condition 3?
Main rotor blades may be folded and the aircraft need not be in position for immediate launch; however, it must be parked so as to allow direct access to a suitable launch spot
A towbar SHALL be attached to the aircraft and a specific LSE, tractor driver, handling crew, and starting crewman SHALL be designated and assigned to each helicopter. These personnel must be thoroughly briefed so that the aircraft can be safely and expeditiously moved into position and readied for launch
Flightcrews SHOULD be briefed for the launch and be standing by in a designated location
Helicopter readiness condition 4?
Same as condition 3 except that minor maintenance may be performed on the aircraft if no delay in launch is involved.