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Flashcards in CNS EYE REVIEW Deck (32)
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"meningococcus"
purple spotted rash;
Most common cause of meningitis in those < 20

Neisseria meningitidis

1

known as the "pneumococcus;" most common bacterial
meningitis in adult

Streptococcus pneumoniae

2

Commonly causes meningitis in children < 18 months)

Haemophilus influenzae b

3

Meningitis in elderly, babies, pregnant women

Listeria monocytogenes

4

Meningitis in premature babies and infants < 3 months

Streptococcus agalactiae

5

Hansen's Disease (armadillo contact)

Mycobacterium leprae (leprosy)

6

Which form of leprosy(hanson's disease) is progressive? Tuberculoid leprosy or Lepromatous leprosy?

Lepromatous leprosy

7

flaccid paralysis;
Death can result from asphyxiation –cannot inhale.
Floppy baby syndrome

Clostridium botulinum (botulism)

8

severe muscular contraction,
lockjaw,
Cannot exhale,
Risus sardonicus,
Infected umbilical stump

Clostridium tetani (tetanus -aka lockjaw)

9

Most common form of meningitis?

Viral meningitis (aka Aseptic meningitis)

10

aka infantile paralysis;
Asymptomatic infections –almost 90% of cases;

Poliovirus (Poliomyelitis)

11

Transmission usually occurs via a bite,
Classical zoonotic disease,
Too late to intervene by the time symptoms occur; capsid described as "bullet shaped"

Rabies (rabies virus)

12

Arbovirus; found mostly East of Mississippi River; BSL-3;
aka sleeping sickness

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEE))

13

Arbovirus; found mostly West of Mississippi River;
Mosquito is vector

Western Equine Encephalitis (western equine encephalitis)(WEE)

14

Arbovirus; found primarily in Texas;
Mosquito is vector

Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis (Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis virus)(VEE)

15

Arbovirus; avoid handling dead birds;
80% asymptomatic;
Mosquito vector

West Nile Encephalitis (west Nile virus)

16

Arbovirus; Emerging disease;
Hard tick vector

Tick Borne Encephalitis (Tick Borne Encephalitis Virus)

17

Most common clinical form of Cryptococcal infection

Cyptococcal meningitis (Cryptococcus neoformans)

18

deadliest mushroom toxin;
Mycetismus

Amanita phalloides

19

“False morel”
Mycetismus

Gyromitra esculenta

20

Hallucinogenic; magic mushrooms or shrooms; Mycetismus

Psilocybe cubensis

21

Tsetse fly vector;
African Sleeping Sickness (aka Trypanosomiasis);
2 types
A) most common
B) least common

A) Trypanosoma bruccei gambiense
B) Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense

22

“Brain-eating amoeba”

Amebic Meningo-encephalopathy (Naegleria fowleri)
Non brain eating—Acanthamoeba

23

Spongiform encephalopathy; Emerging disease

Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD)

24

Leading cause of non-traumatic blindness in humans

Trachoma

25

Most likely cause of a sty.

Staphyclococcus aureus

26

Newborn conjunctivitis;

Opthalmia Neonatorum (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)

27

“swimming pool conjunctivitis”

Adenovirus

28

Latent virus in trigeminal ganglion travels down ophthalmic branch;
Can lead to blindness.

Ocular herpes, HHV-1 herpes

29

Prevent by NEVER using nonsterile solutions to clean or store contact lenses; Emerging disease

Acanthamoeba keratitis