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Flashcards in Respiratory Review Deck (33)
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#1 cause of pharyngitis; may progress to scarlet or rheumatic fever; Most common in children ages 5-15;
purulent abscesses covering tonsils.

Strep Throat (Streptococcus pyogenes)

1

strawberry red tongue

Scarlet fever (Streptococcus pyogenes)

2

pseudomembrane; characteristic palisade arrangement

Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheria)

3

most sinusitis

Sinusitis (Moraxella catarrhalis)

4

most Ear infections

Otitis Media (Streptococcus pneumoniae)

5

Most common cause of colds

Rhinovirus

6

2nd most common cause of colds

Coronavirus

7

rust-colored sputum;
consolidation
"The Pneumococcus"

Pneumococcal Pneumonia (Streptococcus pneumoniae)

8

Atypical Pnuemonia or"Walking pneumonia";
consolidation

Mycoplasmal Pnemonia (Mycoplasma pneumoniae)

9

(“currant jelly sputum”);
consolidation

Klebsiella Pneumonia (Klebsiella Pneumoniae)

10

Pneumonic plague

Yerisinia pestis

11

Psittacosis

Ornithosis (Chlamydophila psittaci)

12

Pontiac fever

Legionnaires’ Disease (Legionella pneumophila)

13

TB in spine = ?

Pott's disease

14

Primary TB most common in ?

children

15

tubercles,Ghon's complex,
caseous necrosis;

Tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)

16

Whooping Cough, most cases of disease are in children;
reemerging disease

Pertussis (Bordetella pertussis)

17

medical emergency requiring immediate medical help; tripod position

Epiglottitis (Haemophilus influenzae b)

18

bioterrorism; Cat A;
Inhalation anthrax

(Bacillus anthracis)

19

Antiviral medication must be administered within first 48 h of infection;

Influenza;
Influenza virus
(Orthomyxovirus) -Type A and B

20

What % of cases of Bronchitis are viral and what % bacterial?

Viral 90%
Bacterial 10%

21

Requires BSL-3

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (Coronavirus)

22

Most common childhood respiratory disease;
Can be fatal: bluish skin, intercostal retractions,
nasal flaring, rapid breathing;

Bronchiolitis (RSV - Respiratorysyncytial virus)

23

BSL-4; emerging disease;
often fatal

Hantavirus PulmonarySyndrome (HPS) (Hantavirus)

24

“seal-bark” cough

Croup (Parainfluenza virus)

25

Second most common cause of lower respiratory infection in young children

Human Metapneumovirus (HMPV)

26

aka San Joaquin valley fever; Native American pots and
blankets;
spherules in the lungs

Coccidioidomycosis (Coccidioides immitis)

27

Gilchrist's disease; emerging disease; (flu-like)

Pulmonary Blastomycosis (Blastomyces dermatitidis)

28

Found most in farm workers in endemic areas

Paracoccidioidomycosis (Paracoccidioides brasiliensis)

29

Ohio River Valley disease; Most common fungal pathogen
affecting humans;
95% asymptomatic
(often find granuloma on chest x-ray)

Histoplasmosis (Histoplasma capsulatum)