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Flashcards in Cardiovascular And Systemic Diseases Deck (28)
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petechiae, osteomyelitis; Often opportunistic or nosocomial infections; direct inoculation of bacteria into the blood.

Septicemia

1

Endocarditis (type of), Viridans strep; also causes mouth
infections

Streptococcus sanguis

2

Endocarditis (type of), Viridans strep; one of the most common
causes of cavities

Streptococcus mutans

3

Endocarditis (type of), Viridans strep; also causes deep tissue abscesses with pus, osteomyelitis

Streptococcus anginosus

4

Endocarditis (type of), Often associated with colon cancer

Streptococcus bovis

5

Endocarditis (type of), Bacteria (Gram -)

Escherichia coli

6

Children ages 5 to 15are most at risk, not common in US; following infection with step throat or Scarlett fever.
Joint inflammation, small nodules/hard, round bumps under skin, change in neuromuscular movements, rash, fever, weight loss, fatigue, stomach pains

Rheumatic Fever (Streptococcus pyogenes)

7

Fluctuating fever (spikes every afternoon), chills, sweating, headache, myalgia; contaminated dairy products. Found in sheep and goats.

Brucellosis (aka Undulant Fever), Brucella melitensis

8

Skin lesions/swollen lymph nodes at infection site, ascending lymphangitis; Infected tick vector, Cat A Bioterrorist threat.

Tularemia (aka Rabbit Fever), Francisella tularensis

9

Yersinia pestis; painful lymph nodes called buboes, Flea bite vector, aka Black Death; Cat A Bioterrorist threat.

Plague (bubonic),

10

Yersinia pestis, pulmonary distress within day of infection. Person-to-person via aerosols and sputum. Cat A bioterrorism threat.

Plague (Pneumonic)

11

Red “bull’s-eye” rash (erythema migrans); Borrelia burgdorferi, Tick vector, One of the most reported vector-borne diseases in US.

Lyme disease

12

Recurring episodes of septicemia and fever; (Borrelia recurrentis), Human Body Louse vector,

Relapsing fever

13

Recurring episodes of septicemia and fever, (Various Borrelia), Soft ticks vector.

Relapsing fever

14

Coxiella burnettii; Chest pain with breathing, shortness ofbreath, clay-colored stools.

Q Fever

15

Ehrlichia chaffeensis; Resemble the flu or RMSF but no rash, Tick vector, considered an emerging disease

Ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia chaffeensis)
Or
Anaplasmosis (Anaplasma phagocytophilum)

16

HHV-4(aka Epstein-Barr Virus); Severe sore throat, fever, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, anorexia, enlargement of spleen (50%), usually occurs via saliva.

Infectious mononucleosis

17

HHV-5; complications in fetuses, newborns, and immunodeficient patients-- congenital birth defects, mono-like symptoms, eye infections.

Cytomegalovirus infection

18

jaundice, delirium,seizures, coma, hemorrhaging (black vomit); Mosquito is vector; Arbovirus;

Yellow Fever (Yellow Fever virus)

19

Mosquito is vector, Arbovirus; 80% are asymptomatic,
1st phase – fever, edema, head and muscle pain;
2nd phase – return of fever and red rash

Dengue Fever (aka break-bone fever) (dengue virus)

20

Mosquito is vector, Arbovirus; 80% are asymptomatic, Internal bleeding, shock, possibly death.

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)

21

transmissionto humans unknown; spread person to person by contaminated body fluids and syringes; Up to 90% of human victims die; Cat A Bioterrorist threat; severe internal
hemorrhaging, uncontrolled bleeding under the skin/from every body opening

Ebola HemorrhagicFever (Ebola virus)
Or
Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever (Marburg virus)

22

Severe bleeding under theskin and into internal organs, (Arenaviruses), inhalation of aerosols or consumption of
contaminated food or from fomites;
Cat A Bioterrorist threat.

Other hemorrhagic fevers

23

Mosquito vector; (Plasmodium falciparum, most severe, AKA black water fever) (P. vivax, most commonly diagnosed);
Fever, chills, diarrhea, headache, occasionallycardiac or pulmonary dysfunction, anemia, weakness, fatigue, jaundice

Malaria

24

pregnant women should not clean cat litter boxes. Majority of cases have no symptoms; fever, malaise, inflammation of the lungs, liver, and heart.

Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)

25

True bug (Triatoma)vector; Feed preferentially from blood vessels in the lips, aka “Kissing bugs”; Chagomas; pseudocysts.

Chagas' Disease, (Trypanosoma cruzi)

26

(Wuchereria bancrofti); Chronic lymphatic damage can result in elephantiasis; Mosquito is vector.

Lymphatic filariasis

27

Swimmer’s itch and distended stomach; Contact with
contaminated water, fluke burrows through skin; aka Bilharzia or SnailFever; reemerging disease

Schistosomiasis