Flashcards in Cardiovascular And Systemic Diseases Deck (28)
petechiae, osteomyelitis; Often opportunistic or nosocomial infections; direct inoculation of bacteria into the blood.
Endocarditis (type of), Viridans strep; also causes mouth
Endocarditis (type of), Viridans strep; one of the most common
causes of cavities
Endocarditis (type of), Viridans strep; also causes deep tissue abscesses with pus, osteomyelitis
Endocarditis (type of), Often associated with colon cancer
Endocarditis (type of), Bacteria (Gram -)
Children ages 5 to 15are most at risk, not common in US; following infection with step throat or Scarlett fever.
Joint inflammation, small nodules/hard, round bumps under skin, change in neuromuscular movements, rash, fever, weight loss, fatigue, stomach pains
Rheumatic Fever (Streptococcus pyogenes)
Fluctuating fever (spikes every afternoon), chills, sweating, headache, myalgia; contaminated dairy products. Found in sheep and goats.
Brucellosis (aka Undulant Fever), Brucella melitensis
Skin lesions/swollen lymph nodes at infection site, ascending lymphangitis; Infected tick vector, Cat A Bioterrorist threat.
Tularemia (aka Rabbit Fever), Francisella tularensis
Yersinia pestis; painful lymph nodes called buboes, Flea bite vector, aka Black Death; Cat A Bioterrorist threat.
Yersinia pestis, pulmonary distress within day of infection. Person-to-person via aerosols and sputum. Cat A bioterrorism threat.
Red “bull’s-eye” rash (erythema migrans); Borrelia burgdorferi, Tick vector, One of the most reported vector-borne diseases in US.
Recurring episodes of septicemia and fever; (Borrelia recurrentis), Human Body Louse vector,
Recurring episodes of septicemia and fever, (Various Borrelia), Soft ticks vector.
Coxiella burnettii; Chest pain with breathing, shortness ofbreath, clay-colored stools.
Ehrlichia chaffeensis; Resemble the flu or RMSF but no rash, Tick vector, considered an emerging disease
Ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia chaffeensis)
Anaplasmosis (Anaplasma phagocytophilum)
HHV-4(aka Epstein-Barr Virus); Severe sore throat, fever, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, anorexia, enlargement of spleen (50%), usually occurs via saliva.
HHV-5; complications in fetuses, newborns, and immunodeficient patients-- congenital birth defects, mono-like symptoms, eye infections.
jaundice, delirium,seizures, coma, hemorrhaging (black vomit); Mosquito is vector; Arbovirus;
Yellow Fever (Yellow Fever virus)
Mosquito is vector, Arbovirus; 80% are asymptomatic,
1st phase – fever, edema, head and muscle pain;
2nd phase – return of fever and red rash
Dengue Fever (aka break-bone fever) (dengue virus)
Mosquito is vector, Arbovirus; 80% are asymptomatic, Internal bleeding, shock, possibly death.
Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
transmissionto humans unknown; spread person to person by contaminated body fluids and syringes; Up to 90% of human victims die; Cat A Bioterrorist threat; severe internal
hemorrhaging, uncontrolled bleeding under the skin/from every body opening
Ebola HemorrhagicFever (Ebola virus)
Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever (Marburg virus)
Severe bleeding under theskin and into internal organs, (Arenaviruses), inhalation of aerosols or consumption of
contaminated food or from fomites;
Cat A Bioterrorist threat.
Other hemorrhagic fevers
Mosquito vector; (Plasmodium falciparum, most severe, AKA black water fever) (P. vivax, most commonly diagnosed);
Fever, chills, diarrhea, headache, occasionallycardiac or pulmonary dysfunction, anemia, weakness, fatigue, jaundice
pregnant women should not clean cat litter boxes. Majority of cases have no symptoms; fever, malaise, inflammation of the lungs, liver, and heart.
Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
True bug (Triatoma)vector; Feed preferentially from blood vessels in the lips, aka “Kissing bugs”; Chagomas; pseudocysts.
Chagas' Disease, (Trypanosoma cruzi)
(Wuchereria bancrofti); Chronic lymphatic damage can result in elephantiasis; Mosquito is vector.