Skin And Wounds Review Sheet Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Skin And Wounds Review Sheet Deck (32)
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Red, itching, burning…may drain pus, blood, or both(pimple, sty, furuncle,carbuncle); Direct contact/fomites.
A) More likely cause
B) More predominant on skin, but NOT most likely

Abscess/Folliculitis
A) (Staphylococcus aureus)
B) (Staphylococcus epidermidis)

1

small “pimples” on stomach, buttocks,arms, and legs; Using a poorly chlorinated hot tub or spa; (Pseudomonas aeruginosa).


"Hot Tub" Folliculitis

2

Reddening of skin; skin peels off in sheets; Can be mistaken for child abuse. (Staphylococcus aureus)

Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS)

3

Small, flattened red patches on face and limbs = pyoderma;
Most common in children

Impetigo (pyoderma)
A) Staphylococcus aureus (80%)
B) Streptococcus pyogenes (20%)

4

fiery red rash with sharply defined raised borders; (Streptococcus
pyogenes, most cases), Most common in elderly, peak incidence 60-80 years old.

Erysipelas

5

(Streptococcus pyogenes); (necrosis) spreads along fascia; "flesh-eating bacteria"

Necrotizing fasciitis

6

Infection of hair follicle, sebaceous glands.

Acne - cystic acne is the most severe form.
(Propionibacterium acnes)

7

(Bartonella henselae); Bump or blister at site of injury,
lymphadenopathy;

Cat Scratch Disease/Fever

8

fever, chills, and the production of purulent matter in infected wounds; blue-green pigment called pyocyanin

Pseudomonas infection (Pseudomonas aeruginosa)

9

non-itchy spotted rash on trunk and appendages, including soles and palms; petechiae; Hard ticks vector; (Rickettsia ricketsii)

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF)

10

painless, swollen, black, crusty ulcer (eschar); Cat A Bioterrorism threat.

Cutaneous Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)

11

foul-smelling; gas bubbles; traumatic event must introduce endospores into dead tissue; Rapid treatment is crucial;

Gas Gangrene (Clostridium perfringens)

12

Only human disease eradicated worldwide; Cat A Bioterrorist threat;

Smallpox (aka Variola) (Orthopoxvirus)

13

Raised, pearl-like, waxy papules; Direct contact;

Molluscum Contagiosum (Molluscipoxvirus)

14

Pox lesions that are less serious than small pox;

Monkeypox (Orthopoxvirus )

15

Slow spreading blisters on face/mouth; (HHV-1); latent virus usually in trigeminal ganglia

Herpes labialis - oral herpes

16

blisters on finger; HHV-1; latent virus usually in brachial ganglia

Herpetic Whitlow

17

blisters anywhere on body; HHV-1; latent virus in various
ganglia; associated with contact sports

Herpes gladiatorum

18

itchy, fluid-filled blisters all over the body; HHV-3; Highly infectious disease, more severe in adults

Chickenpox (aka Varicella)

19

Painful dermatomal blisters (usually unilateral); in 15% of people who have had chickenpox; latent virus in spinal DRG

Shingles (aka herpes zoster)

20

Benign epithelial growths; (Human Papillomavirus); autoinoculation;

Warts

21

Rash of flat, pink to red spots; Spread in the air via respiratory droplets;

Rubella (aka German Measles);

22

Koplik’s spots appear on the mucous membrane of the mouth; (Morbillivirus); respiratory droplets (highly contagious)

Measles (aka Rubeola)

23

resemples slap, aggravated by sunlight; (Parvovirus B19); once the rash is present, the person is usually no longer infectious; aka fifth disease, “slapped cheek” syndrome.

Erythema infectiosum

24

Rose-colored rash, (HHV-6); transfer of oral secretions;

Roseola (aka Roseolovirus)

25

lesions like herpes (herpetic angina) in mouth, palms of hands, soles of feet; Fecal-oral route

Coxsackie A virus infection (Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease)

26

Fungus transmitted via shared hair brushes and combs;
A) Hard, black, irregular nodules
B) Soft, grayish-white, irregular nodules

Piedra
A) Black piedra (Piedraia Hortae)
B) white piedra (Trichosporon beiglii)

27

Hypo- or hyperpigmented patches of scaly skin; (Malassezia furfur) identified by green color under UV light.

Pityriasis versicolor

28

Red raised lesions, white/yellow thickening of nails;
tinea pedis (athlete’s foot)
tinea cruris (jockitch)
tinea corporis (trunk)
tinea capitis (head)
tinea unguium (onychomycosis)

Dermatophytoses (aka"Ringworm")

29

aka rose-gardener’s disease;
Cutaneous sporotrichosis: nodular lesions around the
infection site;
Lymphocutaneous sporotrichosis: secondary lesions occur on the skin along the course of lymphatic vessels
(Sporothrix schenckii)

Sporotrichosis