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Flashcards in Urinary And Reproductive Review Deck (19)
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Most common cause of NON-NOSOCOMIAL UTI’s;

Escherichia coli

1

"pink mold"

Serratia marcescens

2

Rare in the US;
contact with urine of infected animal or urine-contaminated water;
Weil's disease

Leptospirosis (Leptospira interrogans)

3

Irreversible kidney damage possible in adults;
post-strep infection

Acute Post streptococcal Glomerulonephritis (Streptococcus pyogenes)

4

Associated with tampons; menstruating women more at risk; extremely low BP, confusion, severe red rash, loss of sheets of skin, shock.

Staphylococcal Toxic Shock Syndrome (Staphylococcus aureus)

5

White vaginal dischargewith a “fishy” odor;
No evidence of sexual transmission

Bacterial Vaginosis

6

odor-free vaginal discharge with a cottage cheese appearance;
aka fungal vaginitis/candidiasis;

Vaginal Yeast Infection (Candida albicans)

7

aka clap; women: often asymptomatic

Gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae)

8

Most common REPORTABLE STD in the US;

Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis)

9

bubo in the groin

Lymphogranuloma venereum (Chlamydia trachomatis)

10

Affects up to 70% of sexually active couples;
Often asymptomatic;

Non-gonococcal Urethritis (Ureaplasma urealyticum)

11

Primary — reddened chancre;
Secondary — widespread rash;
Latent — inactive
Tertiary — gummas (penecilin not used)

Syphalis (Treponema pallidum)

12

Soft chancres;

Chancroid (Haemophilus ducreyi)

13

latent in sacral ganglia; quadruples the risk of HIV infection

Genital Herpes (Human Herpes Virus(HHV – 2)
(sometimes HHV-1)

14

Most common STD in the US; associated with cervical &
oropharyngeal cancer; condyloma (condylomata)
acuminata

Genital warts (Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

15

Not a disease but a syndrome;
Most well known retrovirus;

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS) (HIV)

16

Cancerous tumors of the connective tissue often associated with
AIDS; appear as bluish-red or purple bumps on the skin

Kaposi’s Sarcoma (Human Herpes Virus(HHV-8)
(aka Rhadinovirus)

17

Herpetic lesions that spread throughout the body

Disseminated Herpes (Human Herpes Virus1/2
(HHV-1/2)

18

Most common curable STD in women; men asymptomatic

Trichomoniasis (Trichomonas vaginalis)