Coding Flashcards Preview

Psychology: Memory (AQA) > Coding > Flashcards

Flashcards in Coding Deck (29):
1

Short Term Memory

we sometimes try to keep information active by repeating it to ourselves

2

Short Term Memory coding

acoustic

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Long Term Memory

it's more useful to code words in terms of their meaning, rather than what they sound or look like

4

Long Term Memory coding

semantic but can also be visual or acoustic

5

Visual

picture

6

Acoustic

sound

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Semantic

meaning

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Baddeley study

investigating coding in short term memory and long term memory

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Method

Participants were given four sets of words that were either acoustically similar, acoustically dissimilar, semantically similar or semantically dissimilar

10

Method - independent groups

The experiment used an independent groups design - participants were asked to recall the words either immediately or following a 20 minute task

11

Results: Short Term Memory

Participants had problems recalling acoustically similar words when recalling the word list immediately from short term memory.

12

Results: Long Term Memory

If recalling after an interval from Long Term Memory, they had problems with semantically similar words

13

Conclusions

The patterns of conclusion between similar words suggesting that Long Term Memory is more likely to rely on semantic coding and Short Term Memory on acoustic coding

14

Evaluation: Ecological Validity

The study lacked ecological validity

15

Evaluation: other types of LTM

Episodic Memory
Procedural Memory

16

Method

participants were given four sets of words that were either acoustically similar, acoustically dissimilar, semantically similar or semantically dissimilar

17

acoustically similar

man
mad
mat

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acoustically dissimilar

pit
cow
bar

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semantically similar

big
large
huge

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semantically dissimilar

good
hot
pig

21

Method: design

the experiment used an independent groups design

22

Method: recall

participants were asked to recall the words either immediately or following a 20 minute task

23

Results: Short Term Memory

participants had problems recalling acoustically similar words when recalling the word list immediately

24

Results: Long Term Memory

if recalling them after an interval, they had problems with semantically similar words

25

Conclusion

Long Term Memory is more likely to rely on semantic coding and Short Term Memory on acoustic coding

26

Evaluation: Ecological Validity

the study lacks ecological validity

27

Evaluation: types of LTM

there are other types of Long Term Memory
- Episodic
- Procedural

28

Evaluation: types of coding

there are other types of coding
- Visual

29

Evaluation: Independent Groups Design

the experiment uses an independent groups design, so there wasn't any control over participant variables