Duration of Memory Studies: Sperling Flashcards Preview

Psychology: Memory (AQA) > Duration of Memory Studies: Sperling > Flashcards

Flashcards in Duration of Memory Studies: Sperling Deck (15):
1

Who was the main researcher?

Sperling

2

what year was the study done?

1960

3

what was the aim of the study?

investigate the sensory register

4

Method: Lab, Neutral, Field

lab study

5

Method

Participants were shown a grid with three rows of four letters for 0.05 seconds
They had to immediately recall the whole grid or one of the rows indicated by a tone

6

high tone

top row

7

medium tone

middle row

8

low tone

bottom row

9

when was the tone played

straight after the grid disappeared

10

Results

whole grid: four or five letters on average
one row: three letters on average

11

conclusion

the whole grid could be remembered by the sensory memory and after the participants had been told what row to recall, the memory had already started to decay

12

Evaluation: Lab study

highly scientific

13

Evaluation: Variables

The variables could be controlled

14

Would it be easy for someone to replicate the study?

Yes

15

Evaluation: Ecological Validity

Due to the artificial setting of the study, it means that it lacks ecological validity