Interference Flashcards Preview

Psychology: Memory (AQA) > Interference > Flashcards

Flashcards in Interference Deck (22):
1

one theory about forgetting is that you have the ability to remember a particular thing you've learnt and can be affected by...

having learnt something similar before or after

2

having something that's affected

is called interference

3

how many types of interference are there?

two

4

what are the names of the types of interference?

Retroactive interference
Proactive interference

5

retroactive interference is where...

new information interferes with old information

6

proactive interference is where...

old information interferes with new information

7

Retroactive Interference: Study

Underwood and Postman (1960)

8

Retroactive Interference: Study Date

1960

9

Retroactive Interference: type of study

lab study

10

Retroactive Interference: how many groups were the participant split into?

two

11

Retroactive Interference: what did both groups do?

given a list of paired words to learn. eg cat-tree

12

Retroactive Interference: the experimental group

was given a second list of words to learn where the first of the words in each pair was the same as the first word in the first list. eg - cat-dirt

13

Retroactive Interference: the control group

weren't given the second list

14

Retroactive Interference: both groups were both tested on their...

recall

15

Retroactive Interference: results

recall was better in the control group, suggesting that retroactive interference of the second word list had affected recall for the experimental group

16

Proactive Interference: Study

Underwood (1957)

17

Proactive Interference: Study Date

1957

18

Proactive Interference: what did he look at?

the results of studies that looked at forgetting over a 24 hour period

19

Proactive Interference: 15 or more word lists in the same experiment recall

20%

20

Proactive Interference: if they hadn't learnt any earlier lists recall

80%

21

Proactive Interference: how long after learning the lists did the experiment recall?

a day

22

Proactive Interference: conclusion

proactive interference from the earlier lists had affected the participants ability to remember later ones