Support for The Multi-Store Model Flashcards Preview

Psychology: Memory (AQA) > Support for The Multi-Store Model > Flashcards

Flashcards in Support for The Multi-Store Model Deck (15):
1

The Primacy Effect: research

research shows that participants are able to recall the first few items on a list better than those from the middle

2

The Primacy Effect: explains

the multi-store model explains this because earlier items will have been rehearsed better and transferred to LTM

3

The Primacy Effect: prevented

if rehearsal is prevented by an interference task, the effect disappears

4

The Recency Effect: Last

participants also tend to remember the last few items better than those from the middle of the list

5

The Recency Effect: STM

as STM has a capacity of around 7 items, the words in the middle of the list , if not rehearsed, are displaced from STM by the last few words heard

6

The Recency Effect: Last words

these last words are still in short term memory at the end of the experiment and can be recalled

7

Korsakoff Syndrome: What is it?

amnesia that's mostly caused by chronic alcoholism

8

Korsakoff Syndrome: STM

they can recall the last items in a list, suggesting an unaffected STM

9

Korsakoff Syndrome: LTM

their LTM is very poor

10

Korsakoff Syndrome: Separate Stores

this supports the model by showing that STM and LTM are separate stores

11

Milner et al: Date

1957

12

Milner et al: what did they do?

carried out a case study into a patient called HM who had suffered from severe and frequent epilepsy

13

Milner et al: where were the seizures based?

in the hippocampus

14

Milner et al: surgery

doctors decided to surgically remove the hippocampus. this reduced his epilepsy but caused memory loss

15

Milner et al: STM

he could still form STM but was unable to form new LTM