Cognitive Midterm Flashcards Preview

Cognitive Communication Disorders & Motor Speech Disorders > Cognitive Midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cognitive Midterm Deck (65)
Loading flashcards...
1

Which type of tracts in the CNS provide interhemispheric connection? The ____ tracts.

commissural Tracts

2

Name the 5 lobes of the brain:

Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Insula, Temporal

3

Although there may be involvement across multiple lobes of the brain for cognition, the main lobe is believed to be the:

Frontal lobe

4

Which cortex of the frontal lobe is typically associated with executive function? The ____ cortex.

Prefrontal

5

If you were to experience agnosia, or inability to recognize objects, this would likely be due to damage of the ______ lobe of the brain.

Parietal

6

Visual processing is believed to be involved with the ______ lobe of the brain.

Occipital

7

What part of the brain is responsible for balance?

Cerebellum

8

Gray matter is gray because it consist of ___

densely packed cell bodies

9

The brain’s subcortical structures include the Thalamus, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, hippocampus, ___ and ____.

Amygdala and basal ganglia

10

The subcortical structure believe to form and store memories associated with emotional events is the ___

amygdala

11

The portion of the midbrain that produces the neurotransmitter dopamine is the

substantia nigra

12

The 3 parts of the brainstem from superior to inferior are:

midbrain
pons
Medulla

13

T/F Efferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body

True

14

The divisions of the nervous systems are the ___ NS and the __ NS

Central and peripheral

15

The divisions of the peripheral nervous system are the ___ Nervous System and the ___ NS

somatic and automatic

16

The outer coverings of the brain include the __ mater, ___ mater, and the __ mater

dura, pia, and arachnoid membrane
(to remember order remember is alphabetic order)
dps

17

T/F Afferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body,

FALSE (arrive-to)

18

Which type of tracts in the CNS provide intrahemispheric connections?The __ tracts

Association

19

The 2 arterial systems in the brain are the __ arteries, which provide posterior blood circulation, and the – arteries, which provide anterior circulation

CAROTID & Vertebral

20

The two types of cells in the nervous system are the __ and the ___.

Glial
Neurons

21

Name 3 types of sensory neuron (receptors)

chemoreceptors, thermoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, baroreceptors, photoreceptors,

22

At the cellular level, information is transmitted in the nervous system by the conversion of what kinds of energy?

Electrical energy into chemical energy and then back into electrical energy

23

Chemical cellular communication happens at the ____

synaptic cleft

24

What does neurotransmitters do?

Transmits a message from a nerve cell across the synapse to targeted cell

25

What types of attention might you test?

Sustained and executive

26

IF there is an impairment in memory, what areas of the patient’s brain are most likely be impaired?

Temporal, frontal, parietal, basal ganglia, cerebrum, hippocampus, frontal, amygdala

27

What types of executive functional might you test?Initiation ____,____ Mental flexibility, _________, judgement, ________reasoning, self-regulation, and ________

problem-solving, planning, inhibition, meta-cognition

28

IF there is an impairment in executive function, what areas of the patient’s brain are most likely to be impacted? _____ and ____

Frontal, prefrontal, connections

29

What are the main parts of an evaluation?

Case history, physical exam, assessment

30

Types of testing task for memory: Immediate recall _____, _______, and forced choice

delayed recall and recognition