Flashcards in Cognitive Midterm Deck (65)
Which type of tracts in the CNS provide interhemispheric connection? The ____ tracts.
Name the 5 lobes of the brain:
Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Insula, Temporal
Although there may be involvement across multiple lobes of the brain for cognition, the main lobe is believed to be the:
Which cortex of the frontal lobe is typically associated with executive function? The ____ cortex.
If you were to experience agnosia, or inability to recognize objects, this would likely be due to damage of the ______ lobe of the brain.
Visual processing is believed to be involved with the ______ lobe of the brain.
What part of the brain is responsible for balance?
Gray matter is gray because it consist of ___
densely packed cell bodies
The brain’s subcortical structures include the Thalamus, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, hippocampus, ___ and ____.
Amygdala and basal ganglia
The subcortical structure believe to form and store memories associated with emotional events is the ___
The portion of the midbrain that produces the neurotransmitter dopamine is the
The 3 parts of the brainstem from superior to inferior are:
T/F Efferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body
The divisions of the nervous systems are the ___ NS and the __ NS
Central and peripheral
The divisions of the peripheral nervous system are the ___ Nervous System and the ___ NS
somatic and automatic
The outer coverings of the brain include the __ mater, ___ mater, and the __ mater
dura, pia, and arachnoid membrane
(to remember order remember is alphabetic order)
T/F Afferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body,
Which type of tracts in the CNS provide intrahemispheric connections?The __ tracts
The 2 arterial systems in the brain are the __ arteries, which provide posterior blood circulation, and the – arteries, which provide anterior circulation
CAROTID & Vertebral
The two types of cells in the nervous system are the __ and the ___.
Name 3 types of sensory neuron (receptors)
chemoreceptors, thermoreceptors, mechanoreceptors, baroreceptors, photoreceptors,
At the cellular level, information is transmitted in the nervous system by the conversion of what kinds of energy?
Electrical energy into chemical energy and then back into electrical energy
Chemical cellular communication happens at the ____
What does neurotransmitters do?
Transmits a message from a nerve cell across the synapse to targeted cell
What types of attention might you test?
Sustained and executive
IF there is an impairment in memory, what areas of the patient’s brain are most likely be impaired?
Temporal, frontal, parietal, basal ganglia, cerebrum, hippocampus, frontal, amygdala
What types of executive functional might you test?Initiation ____,____ Mental flexibility, _________, judgement, ________reasoning, self-regulation, and ________
problem-solving, planning, inhibition, meta-cognition
IF there is an impairment in executive function, what areas of the patient’s brain are most likely to be impacted? _____ and ____
Frontal, prefrontal, connections
What are the main parts of an evaluation?
Case history, physical exam, assessment