Normal Cognition and Assessment (COG) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Normal Cognition and Assessment (COG) Deck (177)
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1

Cognition is an umbrella term for all

higher mental processing

2

Higher mental processes include

LAME = language, attention, memory, executive-functions

3

Cognition and language were historically believed to be____ but are ________

related but are two different things

4

Language comprehension and formulation are  NOW considered

part of the cognitive system

5

T/F Language comprehension may not be as distinct from cognition as previously thought

True

6

What might the impact of medications be on a client's cognitive functioning?

may variously affect the capacity for behavioral change, confusion, and memory loss in individual client

7

You should become familar with ____ ___ , their uses and ____ _____

common medications; side-effects

8

T/F: Cognitive change as a normal process of aging has been well documented in scientific literature

True

9

Some ____ abilities may improve with age (i.e. vocabulary). Other abilities decrease with time

Cognitive

10

________ _______ Refers to the speed with which cognitive activities are performed

Processing speed

11

Cognitive speed begins to decline in the ____ decade of life and continues throughout life

Third

12

Sustained attention shows little _____ with age

Decline

13

______ Control (i.e. selective and alternating attention) shows a more noticeable decline

Memory

14

What type of memory is explicit?

Declarative

15

_____ memory shows decline throughout life

Episodic

16

T/F: Semantic memory shows decline in later life

True

17

Nondeclarative (implicit memory) is what?

Unconscious

18

T/F: Concept formation, abstraction, inhibition and mental flexibility decline with age, especially after age 70

True

19

Verbal and mathematic reasoning _____ beginning around age 45

Declines

20

T/F: Ability to appreciate similarities and reason about familiar material remain stable throughout life

True

21

_____ lobe and hippocampus important for storage of new memories and retrieval of existing memories.

Temporal

22

Temporal lobe and _______ important for storage of new memories and retrieval of existing memories.

Hippocampus

23

_____ lobe and subcortical structures important for encoding information and retrieving through their role in “executive” or “supervisory” functions (e.g., attention, organization; temporal memory).

Frontal

24

There are multiple ___-____ memory sites, especially in integration areas of temporo-parietal lobes that are implicated in verbal and visual memory.

long-term

25

_______ ______ is mediated by the frontal lobe and associations with other cortical and subcortical areas that trigger the retrieval of memories.

Retrieval process

26

Modality specificity: verbal vs. visual memory -
Left hemisphere: ______ memory and lexical information
Right hemisphere: _____ memory, topographical memory and non-verbal information

verbal ; visual

27

Definition of memory: The function of the brain to _____ and ______ information

store and recall

28

Theoretical Models of Human Memory
____ model
____ models

Stages; System

29

______ Model
Intended to describe various stages of information processing: Encoding, Storage, Retrieval

Stages

30

Stages Model - _____ : Early processing of material to be learned.
Involves strategies such as rehearsal and organization.
Quality determines how well info is stored and later retrieved (e.g., depth of encoding, organization of material).

Encoding