Flashcards in Normal Cognition and Assessment (COG) Deck (177)
Cognition is an umbrella term for all
higher mental processing
Higher mental processes include
LAME = language, attention, memory, executive-functions
Cognition and language were historically believed to be____ but are ________
related but are two different things
Language comprehension and formulation are NOW considered
part of the cognitive system
T/F Language comprehension may not be as distinct from cognition as previously thought
What might the impact of medications be on a client's cognitive functioning?
may variously affect the capacity for behavioral change, confusion, and memory loss in individual client
You should become familar with ____ ___ , their uses and ____ _____
common medications; side-effects
T/F: Cognitive change as a normal process of aging has been well documented in scientific literature
Some ____ abilities may improve with age (i.e. vocabulary). Other abilities decrease with time
________ _______ Refers to the speed with which cognitive activities are performed
Cognitive speed begins to decline in the ____ decade of life and continues throughout life
Sustained attention shows little _____ with age
______ Control (i.e. selective and alternating attention) shows a more noticeable decline
What type of memory is explicit?
_____ memory shows decline throughout life
T/F: Semantic memory shows decline in later life
Nondeclarative (implicit memory) is what?
T/F: Concept formation, abstraction, inhibition and mental flexibility decline with age, especially after age 70
Verbal and mathematic reasoning _____ beginning around age 45
T/F: Ability to appreciate similarities and reason about familiar material remain stable throughout life
_____ lobe and hippocampus important for storage of new memories and retrieval of existing memories.
Temporal lobe and _______ important for storage of new memories and retrieval of existing memories.
_____ lobe and subcortical structures important for encoding information and retrieving through their role in “executive” or “supervisory” functions (e.g., attention, organization; temporal memory).
There are multiple ___-____ memory sites, especially in integration areas of temporo-parietal lobes that are implicated in verbal and visual memory.
_______ ______ is mediated by the frontal lobe and associations with other cortical and subcortical areas that trigger the retrieval of memories.
Modality specificity: verbal vs. visual memory -
Left hemisphere: ______ memory and lexical information
Right hemisphere: _____ memory, topographical memory and non-verbal information
verbal ; visual
Definition of memory: The function of the brain to _____ and ______ information
store and recall
Theoretical Models of Human Memory
Intended to describe various stages of information processing: Encoding, Storage, Retrieval