Common skin disorders / skin infections Flashcards Preview

dermatology > Common skin disorders / skin infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common skin disorders / skin infections Deck (110)
Loading flashcards...
1

acne - MC in (age)

MC in adolescents but can occur at any age

2

acne - pathophysiology / appearance

pilosebaceous follicles with increased sebum, keratin Propionubacterium acnes --> obstruction (comedones) and inflammation (papupes/pustules, nodules, cysts

3

pilosebaceous unit

τριχοσμηγματογόνου μονάδας

4

acne - found in / treatment

face and trunk
treatment: treatment: retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics

5

atopic dermatitis is also called

eczema

6

atopic dermatitis (eczema) - appearance

pruritic eruption

7

atopic dermatitis (eczema) is found in (areas of the body) ....

skin flexures

8

atopic dermatitis (eczema) is often associated with

other atopic diseases (asthma, allergic rhinitis, food alergies)

9

atopic dermatitis (eczema) usually starts ....
thereafter

on the face in infancy and often appears in antecubital fossae thereafter

10

atopic dermatitis (eczema) - hypersensitivity reaction

type 1 --> increased serum IgE

11

allergic contact dermatitis - pathophysiology

type IV hypersensitivity reaction that follows exposure to allergen

12

allergic contact dermatitis - lession occurs at (area of the body)

the side of contact with the allergens

13

allergic contact dermatitis - example of allergens

1. nickel
2. poison ivy
3. neomycin

14

Melanocytic nevus is a

common mole

15

common mole?

Melanocytic nevus

16

Melanocytic nevus - course

benign, but melanoma can arise in congenital or atypical moles

17

Melanocytic nevus - types according location (and where)

- junctional nevus (junction between the epidermis and dermis)
- intradermal nevi (in the dermis)

18

intradermal Melanocytic nevus - macroscopic appearance

papular

19

junctional Melanocytic nevus - macroscopic appearance

flat macule

20

psoriasis appearance

papules and plaques with silvery scaling

21

psoriasis - MC area of the body

knees and elbows

22

psoriasis - microscopic appearance

- acanthosis with parakeratotic scaling
- increased stratum spinosum
- decreased stratum granulosoum
- Munro abscesses

23

psoriasis can be associated with

1. nail pitting
2. psoriatic arthritis

24

psoriasis sign - sign

Auspitz sign

25

Auspitz sign? (and when)

psoriasis - pinpoint bleeding spots from exposure of dermal papillae when scales are scraped off

26

rosacea in greek

ροδόχρους ακμή

27

rosacea - macroscopic appearance

erythematous papules and pustules, but no comedones

28

rosacea is an .... disorder

inflammatory FACIAL skin disorder

29

rosacea may be associated with

facial flushing in response to external stimuli (eg. alcohol, heat)

30

rosacea - chronic inflammatory changes may result in

rhinophyma