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Flashcards in Computer Terms Deck (61):
1

Computer programs designed for specific uses and relatively easy to use without any technical knowledge of programming

Application Software

2

The part of the central processing unit where numerical calculations are performed

Arithmetic Logic Unit
ALU

3

A duplicate of an original program or data made as a precaution against loss of damage of the original

Backup

4

The smallest amount of information a computer can store

Bit

5

The space a character, letter or number takes up in the computer. It is made up of a group of 8 bits

Byte

6

Compact Disk Read Only Memory

CD Rom

7

A device that manipulates data according to a series of instructions stored in its memory

Computer

8

An electron device that can accept data, perform instructions on the data, and deliver the results of the processed data. By changing the instructions this can be made to do a completely different task.

Computer

9

An organization of hardware and software designed to accomplish a data processing function

Computer System

10

A portion of the central processing unit that directs the sequence of operations, interprets coded instructions, and initiates the proper commands to execute instructions

Control Unit

11

The user tells the programmer what he/she wants to be able to do and the programmer writes a set of instructions to perform the specific task for the particular user

Customized Software

12

The information that the computer manipulates

Data

13

An organized collection of related data

Database

14

The process of entering data into a computer system

Data input

15

Any procedure for receiving information and producing a specific result

Data processing

16

The rearrangement and refinement of raw data into a form suitable for further use

Data processing

17

The use of a computer to design and print typeset documents

Desktop Publishing

18

The words, symbols, or numbers which appear in visual form

Display

19

Pictures, charts, diagrams, etc

Graphics

20

1,000 Megabytes

Gigabyte

21

The physical equipment or device which makes up a computer system, including its input and output devices

Hardware

22

Everything except the programs in the computer system

Hardware

23

Programming language developed to make the task of programming easier

High Level Language

24

The information that is entered into a computer from an outside source

Input

25

Data entered into a computer system for processing

Input

26

A set of several different applications that have been programmed together, permitting data from one application program to be transferred directly to another

Integrated Software

27

Abbreviation for Input/Output

I/O

28

A set of labeled keys to permit the entry of data into the computer system

Keyboard

29

A measure of storage equal to 1,024 bytes

Kilobyte

30

A way of linking a number of computers through communication lines so that they can share I/O devices and data

Local Area Network

31

Instructions consisting of a series of numbers or a coded pattern of digits which convey information between people and machines

Language

32

A program written in the basic, simple instructions that the computer understands directly

Machine Language

33

A memory size of 1,048,576 bytes

Megabytes

34

An area of storage of data inside the computer

Memory

35

This contains the programs and data being used by the computer

Memory

36

The primary storage or most accessible storage of the computer

Memory

37

A device for interacting with a monitor

Mouse

38

A group of two of more computers linked together electronically that can communicate with each other

Network

39

A program that helps to overcome the problems involved in running a computer

Operating System

40

This makes sure the proper programs are in the right place in memory at the right time, handles I/O operations, and allows the computer to work for long periods without the intervention of the operator

Operating System

41

The act of transferring data from a primary/internal storage device to a secondary/external storage device

Output

42

Software that is designed to be used by anyone who might benefit

Horizontal Market Software or Prepackaged Software

43

The memory that is built into a computer

Primary or Internal Storage

44

Handling or manipulating data

Processing

45

A set of instructions arranged in proper sequence that can direct the computer to perform a desired task

Program

46

The task of writing a series of instructions that will cause the computer to do something useful

Programming

47

The working memory of the computer

Random Access Memory (RAM)

48

The usable memory which data or programs may be written to or read from

Random Access Memory (RAM)

49

Memory which has been manufactured with predetermined information or programs

Read Only Memory (ROM)

50

Usually used to store the control program of the computer

Read Only Memory (ROM)

51

Data storage that is outside the main memory of the computer

External or Secondary Storage

52

A computer's programs

Software

53

A program for manipulating numbers in tabular form

Spreadsheet

54

A grid, somewhat like a ledger sheet, is displayed

Spreadsheet

55

A program designed specifically for performing statistical calculations

Statistical Program

56

To transmit the data from the computer to a memory device

Store

57

A device into which data can be entered and from which it can be retrieved at a later time

Storage Device

58

1,000 Gigabytes

Terabyte

59

A program to do often needed tasks in managing the computer, but not an application for which the user bought the computer

Utility Program

60

Software designed and marked to a particular industry or profession, such as funeral service

Vertical Market Software

61

The use of computerized equipment to create, store, recall, correct, and produce written documents

Word Processing