Connective Tissue Flashcards Preview

BMS 1001 > Connective Tissue > Flashcards

Flashcards in Connective Tissue Deck (24):
1

What are the 3 things that all connective tissue has?

  • Specialized cells
  • Fibers
  • Fluid known as Ground Substance

2

What is ground substance?

Its similar to the plasma of the blood. Viscus stuff that the fibers and cells float in.

3

What makes up the Matrix?

Fibers and ground substance

4

What is the main volume of connective tissue?

Extracellular matrix

5

Is connective tissue vascular or Avascular?

Vascular

6

What are the functions of connective tissue?

- Establishing a structural framework for the body.

- Transporting fluids and dissolved materials.

- Protecting delicate organs.

- Supporting, surrounding, and interconnecting other types of tissue.

- Storing energy, especially in the form of triglycerides.

- Defending the body from invading microorganisms.

7

What are the 3 categories of CT used for classification?

Ordinary CT Fluid CT Supporting CT

8

What are the 2 types of Ordinary CT?

Loose and Dense CT

9

What are the 2 types (examples) of Fluid Connective tissue

Blood and Lymph

10

What are the 2 types (examples) of Supportive Connective Tissue?

Bone and Cartiladge

11

Name 4 cells that you would find in the connective tissue that deal with repair and maintenance?

Fibroblasts, fibrocytes, adipocytes, and mesenchymal cells

12

Name 4 additional cells that you could find in Ordinary connective tissue regards to pathogens?

Macrophages, mast cells, lymphocytes, plasma cells, and microphages

13

Name 3 loose Connective Tissues and location examples?

Adipose - Hypo dermis Areolar - Deep dermis Reticular - Liver, kidney, spleen

14

Name 3 Dense Connective Tissues?

  • Dense Regular
  • Dense Irregular
  • Elastic Tissue

15

Give an example of Dense Regular tissue?

Tendons, Ligaments

16

Give and example of Dense Irregular tissue?

Skin - deep dermis

17

Whats the name of a nucleus that's off center?

Eccentric Nucleus

18

Name the 3 types of fibers found in connective tissue?

Collagen Fibers Elastic Fibers Reticular Fibers

19

What are the features of Collagen fibers and where are they found?

They are tough, yet flexible, rope like fibers. They DO NOT stretch. Tendons, Ligaments

20

What are the features of Elastic Fibers?

They aren't as thick as Collagen fibers but form a net/mesh of fibers. Found in skin to help it bounce back into shape. Is stretchy.

21

What is the name of a large molecule found in the ground substance?

Glycosaminoglycans (GAG's)

22

From the embryo, where does connective tissue originate and what embryo cell?

Mesoderm layer but more specifically the mesenchymal cell

23

What is the main cell in connective tissue?

Fibroblasts

24

What are fibroblast responsible for making?

Collagen, Elastin, GAG's and Proteoglycans