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Flashcards in Joints Deck (16):
1

How many bones does the axial skeleton contain?

80

2

How many bones does the appendicular skeleton contain?

126

3

How many bones does the skeleton contain?

206

4

How many Vertebrae does the spine have?

26

5

How many bones are in the different regions of the Spine?

7 Cervical
12 Thoracic
5 Lumbar
5 Saccral fused into 1
4 Coxcyial fused into 1

6

hand bones - how many do we have of each group?

8 Carpal bones x 2 (2 hands)
5 metacarpals x 2
14 Phalanges x 2

7

What is the longest bone of the body?

Femur

8

List the different groups of bones and there amounts of the foot bones

7 Tarsals x 2
5 Meta Tarsals x 2
14 Phalanges x 2

9

List the 3 different types of Joints and a feature of each.

Fibrous Joints - Immovable (Skull sutures)
Cartilaginous Joints - Slight Movement (rib cage)
Synovial Joints - Full movement (knee)

10

What are the 3 types of cartilage?

Hyaline Cartilage
Elastic Cartilage
Fibrocartilage

11

List some unique features of Synovial Joints?

They have a joint cavity
A joint capsule
Synovial Membrane
Synovial fluid
Articular cartilage (hyaline)
they have ligaments

12

What are the 6 different types of Synovial joints and give an example?

Plane Joints - Wrist/Ankle
Hinge - Elbow/Knee
Pivot - Radius/Ulna
Condyloid - base of the skull
Saddle Joint - Metacarpal (thumb)
Ball & Socket - Sholder

13

Types of motion of synovial joints

Gliding
Flexion
Extension
Hyperextension

14

List 4 types of Motion

Abduction
Adduction
Circumduction
Rotation

15

List 4 special movements?

Elevation
Depression
Protraction
Retraction
Inversion
Eversion
Dorsiflexion (walking on heals)
Plantar flexion (walking on toes)
Supination (twisting and moving of hand to face)

16

What is the name given to the disease that affects the synovial fluid?

Rheumatoid Arthritis