Contingency shaped and rule-governed Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Contingency shaped and rule-governed Deck (12):
1

Contingency shaped behaviour

Behaviour shaped by its consequences

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Rule governed behaviour

Behaviour determined by verbal antecedents called contingency-specifying stimuli.

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- Requires extensive training, slowly acquired.
- Fast and smooth
- Relatively unconscious

Contingency shaped

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- Relatively immediate acquisition.
- Slow and unsteady
- conscious

Rule governed

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Rule governed behaviour seemed insensitive to programmed consequences.

The insensitivity effect

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Shimoff et al (1981)

Group 1- contingency shaped.
Group 2- rule governed.
Those following instructions were less sensitive to contingency changes and so earnt less points than those who acquired their behaviour through shaping.

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LeFrancois et al (1988)

Those exposed to a variety of schedules in training demonstrated sensitive performances during both the FI and extinction.

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2 types of rule following

Pliance and Tracking

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Pliance

Instruction following that depends on the social contingencies.

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Tracking

Instruction following involve correspondence between verbal behaviour and environment.

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Skinner defined a rule as...

a contingency specifying stimulus

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Relational Frame Theory (RFT)

This is how stimuli, responses, and consequences are specified.