Flashcards in Contingency shaped and rule-governed Deck (12):
Contingency shaped behaviour
Behaviour shaped by its consequences
Rule governed behaviour
Behaviour determined by verbal antecedents called contingency-specifying stimuli.
- Requires extensive training, slowly acquired.
- Fast and smooth
- Relatively unconscious
- Relatively immediate acquisition.
- Slow and unsteady
Rule governed behaviour seemed insensitive to programmed consequences.
The insensitivity effect
Shimoff et al (1981)
Group 1- contingency shaped.
Group 2- rule governed.
Those following instructions were less sensitive to contingency changes and so earnt less points than those who acquired their behaviour through shaping.
LeFrancois et al (1988)
Those exposed to a variety of schedules in training demonstrated sensitive performances during both the FI and extinction.
2 types of rule following
Pliance and Tracking
Instruction following that depends on the social contingencies.
Instruction following involve correspondence between verbal behaviour and environment.
Skinner defined a rule as...
a contingency specifying stimulus