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Flashcards in Respondent conditioning Deck (18):
1

Reflex

Responses that are elicited by environmental conditions.

2

Unconditioned stimulus (US)

The event which elicits the reflex

3

Unconditioned response (UR)

The resulting behaviour

4

Unconditioned because...

the reflex does not depend on prior experience or learning, within the organism's lifetime

5

The law of threshold

Very weak intensities of a stimulus will not elicit a response, but as intensity increases there is a point at which the response is elicited.

6

The law of intensity

As the intensity of the US increases, so does the magnitude of the UR.

7

The law of latency

As the intensity of the US increases, the latency of the appearance of the elicited UR decreases.

8

Over a period of time, repeated exposure to the stimuli decreases the reflex, and it will eventually fail to occur.

Habituation

9

Pavlov

- closely connected to Watson
- Classical/ respondent conditioning

10

Classical conditioning

Transfer of control of behaviour from one stimulus to another via S-S pairing

11

Conditioned Stimulus (CS)

When a neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with an unconditioned stimulus, the new stimulus comes to produce the response when presented on its own.

12

Conditioned Response (CR)

The response elicited by the CS

13

Pavlov example (salivation)

- Bell, no salivation
- Pair bell and dog food, salivation
- Bell, salivation

14

Asymptote

Maximum magnitude of the CS. Further CS-US pairings have no additional effects

15

Respondent extinction

The US must occur occasionally or the CR will cease.. Presenting just the CS is not sufficient.

16

Spontaneous recovery

Involuntary
Extinction is not permanent. After a rest period the CR will again be elicited when the CS is presented.

17

4 ways of pairing the CS and US

Simultaneous- same time
Delayed- US delayed onset, but same offset
Trace- CS then US
Backward- US then CS

18

Higher-order conditioning

If a neutral stimulus is paired with a well established CS, the effect is the same as if it were paired with a US.