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Flashcards in Schedules of reinforcement Deck (20):
1

Continuous reinforcement

Provides reinforcement for every occurrence of the behaviour. Used for skill acquisition

2

Intermittent reinforcement

Progresses to naturally occurring reinforcement. Used to strengthen established behaviours.

3

Ratio

Require a number of responses before a response produces reinforcement.

4

Interval

Specific amount of time elapses and the response following this time produces reinforcement.

5

Fixed Ratio 4 (FR 4)

Reinforcement is delivered after every 4th correct response.

6

Fixed Interval 2 (FI 2)

Reinforcement is delivered for the first response after the 2 minutes have elapsed.

7

Variable Ratio 4 (VR 4)

Reinforcement is delivered an average of every 4th correct response.

8

Variable Interval 2 (VI 2)

Reinforcement is delivered for the first response after an average of 2 minutes has elapsed.

9

Abrupt increases in ratio requirements when moving from dense to thinner reinforcement schedules

Ratio strain

10

Increasing response ratio or duration of time interval

Schedule thinning

11

Reinforcement remains available for a finite time following the elapse of the FI or VI interval

Limited hold

12

The rate of responding typically is proportional to the rate of reinforcement received from each choice alternative.

The Matching Law

13

Two or more contingencies of reinforcement operate independently and simultaneously for two or more behaviours.

Concurrent

14

Two or more basic schedules of reinforcement alternating randomly, and a discriminative stimulus is correlated with each basic schedule.

Multiple

15

Basic schedules occur in a specific order and have discriminative stimuli for each.

Chained

16

Identical to multiple but has no discriminative stimuli correlated with the schedules.

Mixed

17

Similar to chained but does not use a discriminative stimulus.

Tandem

18

Upwards continuity

Behavioural principles observed with nonhumans will apply to humans

19

Downwards continuity

Human behaviour may involve additional principles from those observations with nonhumans

20

Why we behave differently to nonhumans is due to language.

Language hypothesis