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Flashcards in CPR Test 3 Deck (43):
1

_______________ is adequate blood and oxygen provided to all cells in the body

PERFUSION

2

________________ is when the cardiovascular system collapses and fails.

HYPOPERFUSION

3

It takes how many minutes for the brain to be damaged by shock?

4-6 MINUTES

4

It takes about how many minutes for the abdominal organs to be damaged by shock?

45-90 MINUTES

5

It takes about how many minutes for the skin and muscle cells to be damaged by shock?

3-6 HOURS

6

_____________ occurs when one or more of the sides is not working properly. (heart, blood vessels, blood)

SHOCK

7

What are the three different kinds of non-cardiovascular shock?

RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY
ANAPHYLACTIC
PSYCHOGENIC

8

What are the four different kinds of cardiovascular shock?

PUMP FAILURE
CONTENT FAILURE
POOR VESSEL FUNCTION
COMBINED VESSEL AND CONTENT FAILURE

9

What are the three stages of shock?

COMPENSATED
DECOMPENSATED
IRREVERSIBLE

10

_____________ is the kind of shock where the body can still compensate for blood loss

COMPENSATED SHOCK

11

___________ is a late stage of shock

DECOMPENSATED SHOCK

12

_____________ shock results in a falling blood pressure

DECOMPENSATED

13

____________ is the final stage of shock.

IRREVERSIBLE SHOCK

14

_____________ shock is terminal

IRREVERSIBLE SHOCK

15

What is the best drug to administer for anaphylaxis?

EPINEPHRINE

16

___________ is the loss of a large quantity of blood in a short amount of time

HEMORRHAGING

17

What are the three types of external bleeding?

ARTERIAL
VENOUS
CAPILLARY

18

What are the body's two responses for bleeding?

BLOOD VESSEL SPASM AND CLOTTING

19

A(n) ____________ occurs when the top layer of skin is removed

ABRASION

20

In the event of a(n) ___________ there is little to no bleeding

ABRASION

21

A(n) ___________ is painful

ABRASION

22

A ____________ is a cut with jagged irregular edges

LACERATION

23

A __________ is a cut with smooth edges

INCISION

24

A _____________ is a deep, narrow wound

PUNCTURE

25

a _________________ is a flap of skin torn loose

AVULSION

26

A ___________ is the cutting or tearing off of a body part

AMPUTATION

27

What's the best care for a wound?

SOAP AND WATER

28

Swelling and redness around the wound
Sensation of warmth
Throbbing pain
Pus discharge
fever
swelling of lymph nodes
Red streaks leading from wound toward heart
THESE ARE ALL SIGNS OF _____________

INFECTION

29

___________ is caused by a toxin-producing bacterium

TETANUS

30

___________ travels to the nervous system

TETANUS

31

There is no known antidote to _______________

TETANUS

32

_____________ can prevent tetanus

TETANUS VACCINE AND BOOSTERS

33

When should you seek the tetanus vaccine?

NEVER IMMUNIZED
NO TETANUS BOOSTER IN PAST 10 YEARS
DIRTY, CONTAMINATED WOUND AND NO BOOSTER IN PAST 5 YEARS
MUST RECEIVE WITHIN 72 HOURS

34

What are the three different kinds of amputations?

GUILLOTINE
CRUSHING
DEGLOVING

35

A __________ is a kind of amputation that is clean-cut and complete

GUILLOTINE AMPUTATION

36

A __________ is a kind of amputation that occurs when the body part is either crushed or mashed off

CRUSHING AMPUTATION

37

A __________ is a type of amputation that occurs when the skin is peeled off

DEGLOVING AMPUTATION

38

What does one do with the amputated body part?

RECOVER AND TAKE TO HOSPITAL
WRAP PART IN GAUZE
PLACE IN WATERPROOF BAG AND KEEP COOL

39

A __________ occurs when the skin is not broken, but tissue and blood vessels are crushed.

CLOSED WOUND

40

What are three types of closed wounds?

BRUISES/CONTUSIONS
HEMATOMAS
CRUSH INURIES

41

How soon are stitches need after the injury?

WITHIN 6-8 HOURS

42

What is a penetrating wound?

IT IS AN ENTRY ONLY WOUND

43

What is a perforating wound?

A WOUND WITH BOTH AN ENTRY AND EXIT WOUND