Cranial Nerves Flashcards Preview

Anatomy & Physiology Series > Cranial Nerves > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cranial Nerves Deck (24):
1

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Number: I

Name: Olfactory 

Origin: Olfactory epithelium

Foramen: Cribriform plate

Function: Smell

Type: Sensory 

2

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Number: II

Name: Optic

Origin: Retina

Foramen: Optic canals

Function: Vison

Type: Sensory 

3

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Number: III

Name: Oculo-motor

Origin: Midbrain

Foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure

Function: Eye movement (eyelids, eyebrows)

Type: Motor

4

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Number: IV

Name: Trochlear

Origin: Midbrain

Foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure

Function: Moves eye = superior oblique

Type: Motor

5

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Number: V

Name: Trigeminal

Origin: Face

Foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure, Foramen Ovale, Foramen Rotundum 

Function: Jaw, teeth, face bones

Type: Both

6

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Number: VI

Name: Abducens

Origin: Pons

Foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure

Function: Moves eye = lateral rectus 

Type: Motor 

7

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Number: VII

Name: Facial

Origin: Pons

Foramen: Internal acoustic meatus

Function: Facial expressions & tastes

Type: Both

8

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Number: VIII

Name: Vestibulocochlear

Origin: Inner ear

Foramen: Internal acoustic meatus

Function: "Inner ear" balance and hearing

Type: Sensory 

9

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Number: IX

Name: Glossopharyngeal 

Origin: Medulla

Foramen: Juglar foramen 

Function: Back of throat "gag"

Type: Both

10

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Number: X

Name: Vagus 

Origin: Medulla

Foramen: Juglar foramen

Function: Internal organs

Type: Both

11

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Number: XI

Name: (Spinal) Accessory

Origin: Medulla & spinal cord

Foramen: Foramen magnum & juglar

Function: Neck muscles

Type: Motor

12

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Number: XII

Name: Hypoglossal 

Origin: Medulla

Foramen: Hypoglossal canal

Function: Below tongue

Type: Motor

13

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Number: I

Name: Olfactory 

Origin: Olfactory epithelium

Foramen: Cribriform plate

Function: Smell

Type: Sensory 

14

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Number: II

Name: Optic

Origin: Retina

Foramen: Optic canals

Function: Vison

Type: Sensory 

15

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Number: III

Name: Oculo-motor

Origin: Midbrain

Foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure

Function: Eye movement (eyelids, eyebrows)

Type: Motor

16

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Number: IV

Name: Trochlear

Origin: Midbrain

Foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure

Function: Moves eye = superior oblique

Type: Motor

17

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Number: V

Name: Trigeminal

Origin: Face

Foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure, Foramen Ovale, Foramen Rotundum 

Function: Jaw, teeth, face bones

Type: Both

18

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Number: VI

Name: Abducens

Origin: Pons

Foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure

Function: Moves eye = lateral rectus 

Type: Motor 

19

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Number: VII

Name: Facial

Origin: Pons

Foramen: Internal acoustic meatus

Function: Facial expressions & tastes

Type: Both

20

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Number: VIII

Name: Vestibulocochlear

Origin: Inner ear

Foramen: Internal acoustic meatus

Function: "Inner ear" balance and hearing

Type: Sensory 

21

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Number: IX

Name: Glossopharyngeal 

Origin: Medulla

Foramen: Juglar foramen 

Function: Back of throat "gag"

Type: Both

22

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Number: X

Name: Vagus 

Origin: Medulla

Foramen: Juglar foramen

Function: Internal organs

Type: Both

23

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Number: XII

Name: Hypoglossal 

Origin: Medulla

Foramen: Hypoglossal canal

Function: Below tongue

Type: Motor

24

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Number: XI

Name: (Spinal) Accessory

Origin: Medulla & spinal cord

Foramen: Foramen magnum & juglar

Function: Neck muscles

Type: Motor