Endocrine (FINAL) Flashcards Preview

Anatomy & Physiology Series > Endocrine (FINAL) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Endocrine (FINAL) Deck (30):
1

Growth Hormone (GH)

  • Source: Anterior pituitary
  • Target: Bones & muscles
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: makes you grow

2

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

  • Source: Anterior pituitary
  • Target: Thyroid
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Increases activity of thyroid (stimulates the thyroid) 

3

Adreno-corticotropic (ACTH)

  • Source: Anterior pituitary
  • Target: Adrenal cortex
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Increases the activity of the adrenal gland

4

Prolactin (PRL)

  • Source: Anterior pituitary
  • Target: Mammary glands
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Increases milk production/ lactation 

5

Luteinizing (LH)

  • Source: Anterior pituitary
  • Target: Gonads (ovaries, testes) 
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Increases activity in gonads = increases ovulation 

6

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

  • Source: Anterior pituitary
  • Target: Gonads
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Increases activity in gonads = increases egg & increases sperm 

7

Anti-Diuretic (ADH) 

  • Source: Hypothalamus
  • Target: Kidneys
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: "stop peeing" = retain H2O

8

Oxytocin (OT)

  • Source: Hypothalamus
  • Target: Mammary glands & uterus
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Increases contractions 

9

Thyroid (T3 & T4)

Source: Thyroid

Target: All over

Type: NSA

Action: Increases metabolism = increases ATP use (body metabolism) 

10

Calcitonin 

  • Source: Thyroid
  • Target: Osteoblasts
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Makes bones
    • Increase bone = decrease in blood calcium 

11

Parathyroid (PTH) 

  • Source: Parathyroid
  • Target: Osteoclasts
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Breaks bones
    • Decrease in bones = increase in blood calcium 

12

Mineral corticoids = "aldosterone"

  • Source: Adrenal cortex
  • Target: Kidney
  • Type: Steroids
  • Action: Salt retension in the blood
    • Increase in Na = decrease in K

13

Gluco-corticoids = "cortisone" 

  • Source: Adrenal cortex
  • Target: All over
  • Type: Steroid
  • Action: Increases blood glucose when under stress (sympathetic NS) 

14

Sex hormones = "testosterone" & "progresterone"

  • Source: Adrenal cortex & gonads
  • Target: All over
  • Type: Steroid
  • Action: Makes you sexy
    • Primary & secondary sex characteristics 

15

Epinephrine/nonepinephrine = "adrenaline" 

  • Source: Adrenal medulla
  • Target: All over
  • Type: NSA
  • Action: "Fight or flight"
    • Sympathetic response

16

Insulin 

  • Source: Pancreas (beta cells) 
  • Target: All over & especially the liver
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Lowers blood sugar (glucose)  = increases sugar (glucose)  use

17

Glucagon 

  • Source: Pancreas (alpha cells) 
  • Target: All over & especially the liver
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Increase blood sugar (glucose) = decreases sugar (glucose) use 

18

Melantonin 

  • Source: Pineal gland 
  • Target: Brain 
  • Type: NSA
  • Action: Circadian rhythms 

19

Atrial Naturetic Peptide (ANP)

  • Source: Heart
  • Target: Kindey
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: decrease Na = increase K in the blood

20

Erythropoietin (EPO)

  • Source: Liver & kidneys
  • Target: Bone marrow
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Increases red blood cells (RBCs)

21

Thymosin

  • Source: Thymus
  • Target: Bone marrow
  • Type: NSP
  • Action: Increase T cell function

22

Which hormones are steroidal? 

  1. Aldosterone
  2. Cortisone
  3. Testerone

23

Which hormones have a direct antagonist? 

  1. Calcitonin + PTH
  2. Insulin + Glucagon
  3. ANP + Aldosterone

24

What are tropic hormones?

Tropic hormones goes from one endocrine gland to another endocrine gland & are all made by the anterior pituitary gland 

25

Where do tropic hormones come from? 

The anterior pituitary gland

26

What are the tropic hormones?

  1. TSH
  2. ACTH
  3. LH
  4. FSH

27

What are releasing hormones (RH)? 

Releasing hormones (RH) cause the release or activation of tropic hormones 

28

Examples of releasing hormones (RH)? 

  1. TRH = activates TSH
  2. CRN = activates ACTH
  3. GnRH (gonads) = acitvates LH & FSH

29

What does it mean when a disorder is classified as primary (1o)?

Q image thumb

  • The organ does not work 
  • "The worker is NOT working"

30

What does it mean when a disorder is classified as secondary (20)?

Q image thumb

  • "Managment is NOT working"
  • The wrong orders are given to the organ