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Flashcards in Cronic Diseases And Disabilities Deck (28):
1

What are Chronic diseases

disease that persist for a long period or reoccur throughout life

2

What are chronic diseases caused by

Risk factors that are behavioral, environmental, or hereditary

3

What are cardiovascular systems

Diseases of the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular)

4

What are the six cardiovascular diseases

Hypertension, atherosclerosis, heart attack, Arrhythmia, congestive hard failure, stroke

5

When does hypertension occur

When a person has a blood pressure consistently measuring 140/90 or higher

6

Since many people experience no obvious symptoms of hypertension what is it known as

The silent killer

7

How many American adults have hypertension

1 out of 3

8

Four ways you can reduce risk of developing hypertension

Exercise regularly, maintain a healthy weight, reduce stress, Eat foods low in sodium

9

What is atherosclerosis

I disease in which fatty substance build up inside artery walls

10

What does atherosclerosis increase your risk of developing

Arteriosclerosis and coronary heart disease

11

What is arteriosclerosis

Hardening of the arteries = lose elasticity and become stiff

12

What is coronary heart disease

Coronary arteries narrow =decrease blood flow to heart

13

What is a heart attack

Occurs when some of the tissues in the heart doesn't receive its normal blood supply

14

What causes a heart attack

A blood clot that forms in a coronary artery that has been narrowed by atherosclerosis

15

In a year, how many people suffer from a heart attack in the US and how many people die from it?

Over 1 million suffer from a heart attack but 500,000 of those million die

16

What are four major risk factors for heart attacks

having a low blood pressure, Iow levels of cholesterol, physical inactivity, smoking

17

What is arrhythmia (irregular heart beats)

Another form of heart disease

18

A life-threatening arrhythmia in which the hearts which is rapidly and Uncoordinated fashion

fibrillation

19

What is it called when the heart slowly weakens overtime

Congestive heart failure

20

what are three effects of stroke and what do they do

Brain damage – (senses, speech, comprehension, behavior, thought patterns, and memory)
Paralyzed– on one side of the body or severely disabled
Death – 1/3 strokes

21

What are four risk factors you cannot control

Heredity, ethnicity, gender, age

22

What are six risk factors you can control


Maintain a healthy weight, eat a healthy diet, physically active, manage stress, monitor your blood pressure, avoid smoking and drinking

23

A group of diseases that involves the rapid, uncontrolled growth and spread of animal cells it harms the body by destroying healthy BLANK

Cancer, it harms body tissue

24

Cancer cells typically form a massed tissue called?

A tumor (malignant= cancerous; benign= not cancerous

25

What are two causes of cancer

Heredity, environment

26

Human genes control cell reproduction

Heredity

27

A gene that changed into a cancer-causing gene is called an?

Oncogene

28

What contains cancer-causing agents known as BLANK

Environment, known as carcinogens