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Freshmen Health > Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drugs Deck (32):
1

Legal drugs that help the body fight injury, illness, or disease

Medicines

2

A medicine sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctors prescription

Over-the-counter

3

A drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy

Prescription

4

A chemical substance that people of any age may not lawfully manufacturer, possess, buy, or sell

Illegal

5

Using per label to threat an injury, illness, or disease

Proper use

6

Mistakenly taking more than is recommended to treat an injury, illness, or disease

Misuse

7

Deliberately taking more than is recommended or taking for purposes other than treating an injury, illness, or disease

Abuse

8

An unwanted physical or mental effect caused by the drug

Side effects

9

When drug is used repeatedly, the body develops tolerance to it, to where the user needs more for the original effect

Tolerance and dependence

10

If user becomes dependent and stops taking the drug, they will experience negative side effects

Withdrawal

11

A neurotransmitter that helps control the brain's reward and pleasure centers

Dopamine

12

Chemical dopamine travels between brain cells, producing pleasure sensations

Under normal conditions

13

Cells release extra dopamine, causing a stronger signal

On drugs

14

Brain cells lose receptors for dopamine, becoming less able to process the chemical. The pleasure signals weaken.

After repeated drug use

15

Chemical that affects brain activity

Psychoactive drug (mood-altering drug)

16

Occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by the other

Antagonism

17

Occurs when drugs interact to produce greater effects than those that each drug would produce alone

Synergism

18

Strong family bond, parental awareness, clear rules consistently enforced

Family

19

Strong bonds to school and community, having positive friends

Social

20

Goal oriented, committed to success, involved in extracurricular so, development of strong morals

Personal

21

A psychoactive drug that slows brain and body reactions

Depressants

22

A drug that speeds up the activity in the nervous system

Stimulant

23

A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood

Hallucinogens

24

The leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant cannabis sativa (can act as a depressant, stimulant, hallucinogen)

Marijuana

25

Differ in classification (named from popularity at clubs/raves)

Club drugs

26

A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects

Inhalants

27

Synthetic drugs similar to the hormone testosterone

Steroids

28

Various types of drugs

1. Medicines
2. Over-the-counter
3. Prescription
4. Illegal

29

Drug use

1. Proper use
2. Misuse
3. Abuse

30

Drug interactions

1. Antagonism
2. Synergism

31

Protective factors

1. Family
2. Social
3. Personal

32

Commonly abused drugs

1. Depressants
2. Stimulants
3. Hallucinogens
4. Marijuana
5. Club drugs
6. Inhalants
7. Steroids