Reproduction And Heredity Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Reproduction And Heredity Deck (23):
1

Exocrine

Secrete chemicals through ducts to outside of body

2

Endocrine

Secrete hormones directly into blood stream (no ducts to exit) that signal changes in other parts of the body

3

Hormone

A chemical substance, or messenger, released by an endocrine gland that has a specific function in the body

4

Puberty

A period of sexual development during which a person becomes sexually mature and physically able to reproduce

5

How does puberty start?

1. The hypothalamus signals the pituitary gland to begin producing 2 hormones (LH and FHS)
2. Those hormones in turn signal the reproductive glands to produce sex hormones
3. These sex hormones activate several changes in your body including outward appearance

6

what are the functions in the male reproductive system

1. Produce sex hormones
2. Produce/store sperm
3. Deliver sperm to female reproductive system

7

What are the parts of structure in the male reproductive system

1. Penis
2. Testes
3. Sperm
4. Fertilization
5. Semen
6. Ejaculation

8

What are the functions in the female reproductive system

1. Produce sex hormones
2. Produce eggs
3. Provide a nourishing environment in which a fertilized egg can develop into a baby

9

Penis

Sexual organ through which sperm leave the body. The tip of the penis is covered with loose skin, called the foreskin. The foreskin can be removed by a process called circumcision.

10

Testies

male reproductive glands, which produce testosterone and sperm

11

Sperm

Reproductive cells in males

12

Fertilization

A sperm cell joins with an egg

13

Semen

Mixture of sperm cells and fluids

14

Ejaculation

Ejaculation of semen from the penis

15

What is the structure of the female reproductive system

1. Ova
2. Ovaries
3. Estrogen
4. Progesterone
5. Ovulation
6. Fallopian tubes
7. Uterus
8. Vagina

16

The menstrual cycle

The process by which a female produces one mature egg each month, on average the menstrual cycles usually lasts about 28 days

17

What are the affecting factors of the menstrual cycle

1. Diet
2. Stress
3. Exercise
4. Weight gain/loss

18

Mehepouse

Ovaries slow down hormone production and no longer release eggs

19

In male and female reproductive systems, how do you keep healthy

1. Cleanliness
2. Sexual abstinence
3. Self exams
4. Medical check-ups

20

Cleanliness

Daily washing

21

Sexual abstinence

Eliminate infections, diseases, etc until God approves

22

Self exams

Learn how to monitor for medical problems

23

Medical check-ups

Yearly check-ups should be done by a professional